Optimizing online therapy with cognitive rehabilitation

Executive functions are a collection of higher-level cognitive abilities that support decision making, planning, attentional focus, and error correction. Mental slowing, inefficiency, and feeling blue are – to some degree – expected with any serious illness. Goal Management TrainingTM (GMT) is a made-in-Ontario healthcare innovation, developed by researchers at Baycrest, a Toronto-based academic health science institution affiliated with the University of Toronto. GMT incorporates decades of neuroscientific research as well as applied clinical practice.

Promoting Citizenship in Housing First Programs

Housing First (HF) is an approach that assists people with serious mental illness who are chronically homeless to become housed. Research has shown HF assists people in leaving homelessness and achieving stable housing. However, HF participants do not experience increased participation in the community or improved social networks. In response to these results, the present project involves creating a “social prescribing” intervention within HF programs.

Evaluating the effectiveness of a digital resilience training & developing the BESAFE at work scale

AIR Institutes is launching a new resilience online training through a digital portal called AIR Space. The goal of the proposed project will be to evaluate if the training delivered in an online format is effective in developing and improving resilience. As users go through different activities delivered through the digital portal, their level of resilience will be measured over time through short surveys and daily check-ins. This will allow to identify any improvement in resilience and whether the digital portal is effective in improving resilience.

Designing a user-friendly platform for a water conservation device using behavioural science

Canada is one of the largest per capita users of fresh water in the world. A blind spot in water consumption is that people are often unaware of how much water is being used. One solution is to provide instant feedback on water consumption to users and use behavioural interventions to promote water conservation among users. In this project, we will conduct a literature review on behavioural interventions that promote water conservation.

Retaining Diverse Employees at Technology Companies

The current research project aims to investigate internal communication among organizations in the IT industry and whether communication experiences are different among minorities and women in the organizations. A diverse workplace is important to facilitate an inclusive, productive, and healthy workplace. However, no study has looked at how communication to women and diverse employees may be different than majority groups.

Assessment of Physiological Vibration Acceleration (Phybrata) Sensor in Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis - Year two

Globally, Canada has the highest prevalence of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Diagnosis relies on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to monitor lesion development over time in the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerve. Despite its wide utility, MRI is not easily accessible. MRI requires a designated medical facility and expertise? is expensive, and needs to be done repeatedly to diagnose MS. Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial to minimize the progression and severity of impairments in MS patients.

Sensory Disinhibition, Cognitive Flexibility and the Neural Correlates Underlying Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): A Simultaneous EEG-fMRI Study - Year two

Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often struggle to relax, or simply be at ‘rest.’ In particular, recent research has revealed participants with PTSD show hyper-activity across the visual cortex while at rest. Referred to as sensory hyper-activity and disinhibition, altered resting-state patterns are thought to be underlying hypervigilance and re-living sensations clinically, as well as cognitive deficits, which may be produced when cognitive resources are overwhelmed by sensory hyper-activity.

Reducing homelessness using direct cash transfers (expansion project)

The goal of this project is to examine the effect of one-time unconditional direct cash-transfer to recently homeless individuals in Vancouver, BC, Canada. Building on promising results from our research team’s ground-breaking pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) with 50 cash recipients, the current project seeks to confirm this preliminary evidence using a larger RCT with 200 cash recipients. To evaluate the impact of the cash transfers over time, participants will complete surveys before receiving the cash, and 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after the cash transfer.

Correlating Manager Interpersonal Skills with Team Psychological Safety

Psychological safety has been consistently linked to positive workplace outcomes, including increased team learning and task performance (Edmondson, 1999; Newman et al., 2017). Previous research focusing on the development of psychological safety has identified several of its antecedents (Frazier et al., 2017). For instance, leaders have been found to play a critical role in shaping the psychological safety climate within the work teams (Nemanich & Vera, 2009; Nembhard & Edmondson, 2006).

Effect of far infrared reflecting clothing on sleep physiology and sleep-dependent memory consolidation in healthy adults

Sleep is crucial for the formation of novel memories, and it underpins much of our psychological well-being. Unfortunately, millions of Canadians suffer from sleep difficulties, which are especially prevalent among women and populations with low education and income. These difficulties result in poorer cognitive performance and reduced well-being. Finding solutions to these difficulties is often complicated, as pharmacological interventions often have unwanted side effects, and the most efficient intervention (cognitive behavioral therapy) is hard to access for most of the population.