Rethinking public transit networks using a climate justice lens

Public transit offers both a relatively low GHG-to-passenger ratio and affordable options for local travel in comparison to personal vehicle travel, thusly presenting as a key area for making progress toward climate change mitigation and social justice. Working with stakeholders in the Greater Victoria Area, this project will identify, map, and examine three different new regional transit network scenarios, which respectively align with objectives around (1) climate change mitigation, (2) social justice, and (3) climate justice.

Integrating social enterprise elements within a sexual assault centre

The purpose of this project is to develop and pilot a social enterprise for a sexual assault centre. In this context, the term social enterprise refers to adding revenue-generating services to the sexual assault centre. The proposed idea for the social enterprise is to offer training modules and educational material on a variety of topics. The project consists of creating, marketing, and implementing accessible training modules. Research conducted will include focus group to test out the training material.

Coal Derived Humic Substances As Novel Adsorbents For Selenium Remediation

Concerns have been expressed on elevated levels of selenium as a result of adjacent open pit coal mining operations in Gregg River, Alberta. The proposed research project aims to investigate the potential of coal derived humic substances (natural organic adsorbents) to treat selenium in river waters and study the adsorption mechanisms. The project will bring both technical and economical benefits to the industry partner. Research outcomes can potentially be applied and generalized in various remediation sites by the industry partner in the future.

Prevalence and Patterns of Modifiable Risk Factors for Dementia

With the aging of the Canadian population, the number of people living with dementia is projected to increase. Due to a lack of disease-modifying treatments for dementia, there is a pressing need to better understand how we can reduce dementia risk across all Canadians. A wide range of modifiable risk factors for dementia have been established and a 2020 report from the Lancet Commission found that addressing these modifiable risk factors might prevent up to 40% of dementias.

Most research examining risk factors and dementia outcomes has tended to focus on individual risk factors.

Understanding Native Pollinator Diversity on Quebec Cranberry Farms

Cranberry farming is a multi-million dollar industry in Quebec, but it is highly dependent on managed pollinators such as honey bees and bumble bees to adequately pollinate each year's crop. Unfortunately, managed pollinators are becoming more expensive for farmers to rent each year, and thus cranberry farmers are facing greater costs to supply cranberries to the market. This project aims to understand how farmers can encourage more wild pollinators to live on their properties, and provide free, natural pollination services within their cranberry fields at the same time.

Effects of habitat management and disturbance on two endangered tall-grass prairie butterflies

Most tall-grass prairie in Canada has been lost over the last century, and the little that remains is declining in quality due to human suppression of natural disturbances (like wildfire). Two small prairie butterflies (Poweshiek skipperling and Dakota skipper) have become critically endangered as a result. Manitoba is home to some of the last surviving Canadian populations of these species. The Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) uses grazing, mowing, and prescribed burning to try to mimic pre-settlement disturbances in sites that are occupied by these species.

Deconstruction as a Method for Waste Diversion in Canada’s Built Environment

Waste diversion is a prominent discussion across Canada, as we have recognized the large impact that the waste we produce has on the environment as well as the impact of how we manage it. The most common conversations have often been around personal waste reduction and the “zero-waste” movement, however what has been largely left out of conversation is the impact that the construction, renovation, and demolition (CRD) industry has on the environment and what we can do to divert that waste (Delphi, 2021; Veleva et al., 2017).

Comparison of two Approximate Stochastic Dynamic Programming Schemes for Mid-term Hydropower System Management

The Energy potential of water has been successfully harnessed to produce electricity since the late 19th century. In 2018, hydropower production accounts for approximately 61 % of the total electricity produced in Canada. To exploit this source of energy, water is stored in dams and is strategically used based on hydrological cycles. Over the years, researchers around the globed have devised sophisticated mathematical tools to efficiently manage hydropower systems thanks to advancement in both Mathematics and Computer Science.

Exploring the Use of Simulation-Based Learning with Community-based Settings to Promote Clinical Practice Competencies in Practitioners: PART 2

This project seeks to answer the overarching research question, how can the use of simulation-based learning (SBL) within a community-based setting improve access to training and the development of clinical practice competencies in practitioners (e.g. social work/psychology students/professionals). The project will expand access to experiential learning within a community-based setting using multiple modalities within the area of SBL (live, in-person, virtual, and gaming simulations) to increase access to training and upskilling opportunities for both student and professionals.

Spectral fingerprint of soybean experiencing abiotic and biotic stress

Soybean is the fourth most planted field crop in Canada, contributing more than $5.5 billion to Canada’s gross domestic product and supporting more than 50,000 jobs. The soybean crop is susceptible to damage from drought and heat waves, as well as diseases caused by root-parasitic nematodes and fungal pathogens. The project seeks to develop a rapid diagnostic tool, based on drone spectral technology, that can detect and diagnose the stresses that are occurring in agricultural fields.