Canada is among the world’s largest producers of energy derived from resource extraction. Canada’s Oil Sands Region produces 70% of Canada’s crude oil, and ranks third, after Saudi Arabia and Venezuela, in terms of proven global crude oil reserves. In order for Canadian industry to continue to meet this high demand for energy they must adhere to the social and environmental pressures to reclaim and restore the extraction sites to their original condition, and to offset potential environmental destruction.
The Mixedwood Growth Model (MGM) is used by forest managers in estimating growth and yield outcomes for common boreal tree species in North America. MGM has been shown to effectively model both managed and unmanaged stands in Alberta and surrounding regions. Currently, climate effects are not accounted for in growth functions used in MGM. Recent work for black spruce has shown that there is need to understand and model the effect of climate for other boreal tree species including white spruce, aspen, balsam poplar, lodgepole pine and jack pine.
Improving the design and operation of open pit mines by better understanding and modeling of spatial variation of rock mass properties, can bring economic benefits to the mining industry. The proposed research project aims to develop an innovative large-scale discrete fracture network (DFN) model that is spatially constrained based on the recorded fracture data from geotechnical boreholes and photogrammetric mapping of bench face exposures in an open pit mine in Western Africa.
In an underground gold mine, the movement of ore and waste material occurs on a massive scale and short-term excavation activities should be scheduled so that that the right proportions of these materials are moving through the mine in order to meet production targets. In the proposed project, a mathematical optimization model will be formulated and tested on-site, in order to improve the short-term excavation scheduling activities, resulting in the desired balance of ore and waste material flowing through the mine.
Post-secondary education, if community-led and projects-based, has the potential to transform education, food and housing policy, as well as build capacity locally in Brokenhead First Nation compared to two First Nations lacking road access. This partnership will explore optimal solutions to resolve development challenges through applied participatory research, community engagement, community development and the establishment of two rural Indigenous community foundations.
The research activity is to collect, compile, and analyze relevant information from external open sources about specific topics impacting the aerospace market. Additionally, research into management and marketing theory related to processes, frameworks, and best practices for market analysis and investment decision-making will also be part of the project.
The fundamental challenge when reclaiming oil sands areas is to ensure not only survival, but vigorous growth of the plant material. Finding plants suitable for high salt conditions has offered the opportunity for Alberta-Pacific Forest Industries Inc. to investigate the potential role of using native balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) as a key reclamation species for the oil sands region.
Ontario has recently acquired a new forest inventory, based on aerial photos, and for the first time, a technology called single photon Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR). This technology allows users to not only see the forest, but precisely calculate tree heights, drainage, and other things by collecting dozens of measurements per m2. A first step to utilizing this technology is being able to identify and map individual tree crowns. This research will focus on identifying individual tree crowns as a first step to developing highly accurate, affordable forest inventory.
In recent years the lithium consumption for batteries has remarkably increased because of the extensive applications of rechargeable lithium batteries in portable electronic devices, electric tools, electric vehicles, and grid storage. The surging demand for these applications asks for innovative solutions for recycling of the spent lithium ion batteries.
While there is recognition of the value social enterprises can provide for economic development, there is less movement in supporting the emergence and development of sustainable forms of these organizations (Marsland, 2013). The recent focus on social enterprises strengthen the notion that support and incubation of these entities are needed.