Ice Throw from Wind Turbines

In cold climates there is a perception that ice fragments could be thrown from rotating large wind turbines and create a hazard. While turbines should be shut down in icing conditions several authorities now require calculation of the risk associated with this potential hazard, in terms of numbers of ice fragment strikes per unit area per year in areas surrounding a proposed wind farm. As service providers to the wind energy industry, Zephyr North wish to have an accurate, reliable model to provide this information.

Ecological determinants of sustainable aquaculture in British Columbia

Aquaculture (the farming of marine and aquatic organisms) is the fastest growing agri‐food sector in the world and is regularly cited as a primary solution to addressing growing global food deficiency. In British Columbia the aquaculture industry is dominated by two species, Atlantic salmon and Pacific oyster. While the potential economic benefits of this industry are well understood, the direct and indirect ecological consequences are less so. A consistent feature of all industrial scale aquaculture systems is the extremely high density of production animals.

Estimating relative trends in cetacean abundance and distribution from data collected for an opportunistic sighting network (BCCSN)

British Columbia's coastline is home to eighteen species of cetaceans and three species of sea turtles. Nine of these are at risk of extinction. To conserve these species, it is crucial to learn more about their distribution/abundance and habitat use. The British Columbia Cetacean Sightings Network (BCCSN) was established to gather sightings of these species from a network of mariners and coastal citizens. Since then, the BCCSN has received thousands of sightings from hundreds of observers up and down the coast.

Planning a sustainable approach to Community Forest Management with the Katzie First Nation at Blue Mountain and Douglas Provincial Forests

The Katzie First Nation is working towards establishing a Community Forest Agreement (CFA) with the Province of British Columbia. The area of intent lies within Katzie Traditional Territory and includes Blue Mountain and Douglas Provincial Forests, located along the east banks of Alouette Lake. To establish a CFA, the Katzie desire a holistic approach to forest planning that not only considers timber harvesting, but also non‐timber economic opportunities, traditional use values, multiple stakeholder desires and prospects for cultural preservation and education.

Assessing the feasibility of industry wide incorporation of eco-certification into the Sustainable Winemaking Ontario initiative

This project will assess the potential for a certification program to enhance the Wine Council of Ontario’s voluntary initiative Sustainable Winemaking Ontario. This will involve an investigation of the barriers to implementation and acceptance, consumer interest and purchasing behaviour, the optimum format for a certification program and corresponding labelling and the types of indicators that are deemed important by members of the wine industry and wine consumers.

Using Native Plants to Treat Municipal Wastewater for Small Communities in Saskatchewan

A rural Saskatchewan resort community has contracted with Erin Consulting, Ltd, to offer environmentally friendly solutions to their wastewater treatment and management challenges. To that end, an intern from the University of Regina has been identified to help offer design options using native Prairie plants that can remove nutrients and pathogens from the water. The use of native Prairie plants is preferred so that the treatment system will operate under normal climate conditions (extreme cold and hot, as well as dry) in Saskatchewan.

The Potential of the Green Building Council Network to Influence National Policy Development Regarding the Built Environment and Sustainability

This research project will focus on gathering knowledge around policy development related to sustainability and the built environment. By working with a network of organizations (the Green Building Council Network) first hand experiences can be gathered on how Green Building Councils around the world have been able to come together with their national governments and guide green building policy development. The information will be gathered using a questionnaire that will be passed around to each Green Building Council.

Community based learning: developing a sense of place in a global world

This research focuses on the design, implementation and assessment of an innovative community based learning project between The Land Conservancy of British Columbia (Enterprises) Ltd. (TLC‐E) and The Land Conservancy of British Columbia (TLC). TLC‐E is a profit‐oriented business unit of TLC that delivers community based learning on a fee‐for‐service basis in support of The Land Conservancy’s overall mission, which includes providing opportunities for the public to take part in experiential education programs that inspire stewardship of their home‐place.

Rehabilitation of Landfills to Produce Biomass Energy Crops

This project is targeted at rehabilitating closed landfill sites to produce biomass energy crops as an alternative to traditional agricultural crops. The establishment of agricultural crops on brownfield lands like these present unknown risks of contamination from legacy materials in the landfill. Growing biomass energy crops on these sites eliminates that risk and provides a significant technical, economic and system related unknowns associated with producing biomass energy crops under this type of site condition.

Establishment of Energy Crops on Decommissioned Landfills; Exclusion of Biogas from the Plant Root Zone Using a Geosynthetic Clay Liner (GCL)

One of the principle drawbacks to the production of biofuels is the competition that is created with traditional food crops for land. The potential for decommissioned municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills to support energy crop production has been left largely uninvestigated in Canada and other parts of North America. One of the primary obstacles to the establishment of crops on MSW landfills is the presence of high concentrations of landfill biogas in the plant root zone.

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