Exploration of Techniques for Microgrids feasibility study at site for maximizing renewable penetration, energy saving and optimization of the limited grid supply- ON-515

Project type: Research
Desired discipline(s): Engineering - chemical / biological, Engineering, Engineering - computer / electrical, Engineering - mechanical, Engineering - other, Mathematics, Mathematical Sciences, Economics, Social Sciences & Humanities
Company: Pro Watts Inc.
Project Length: 4 to 6 months
Preferred start date: 09/06/2021
Language requirement: English
Location(s): ON, Canada; Canada
No. of positions: 1
Desired education level: Master'sPhDPostdoctoral fellow
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About the company: 

“Pro Watts Inc.” is an engineering firm specialized in Medium and High Voltage and provides energy solution focused on storage and solar power generation with the goal of reducing GHG and developing smart power generation and distribution solutions. Pro Watts designs solutions to improve a facility's electrical system reliability and performance by integrating Battery Energy Storage Systems with renewable and traditional power generation in modern electricity distribution, while utilizing intelligent energy control systems to accelerate the return on investment and lower carbon emissions.

Describe the project.: 

This proposal is to research and develop supplementary capability to assist the Grid Modernization activities. 

Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) : Economics, Cost and Performance Optimisation, allow for reactive power and frequency control.
PV system will allow peak shaving, as an optimized BESS integrated system, reduce operational costs .
Microgrids feasibility study at site for maximizing renewable penetration, optimization of the limited grid supply, costs reduction, contribute to the overall sytem stability, .

Main research topic for feasibility study:

  • Role of evolving technologies and grid codes, especially for making storage (hours, not days) dispatchable , shifts the timing of solar, increase flexibility
  • Understanding key mechanisms of grid codes;
  • Understand new challenges in the design and implementation of grid codes in different contexts
  • Recent considerations such as voltage/frequency ride-through and voltage regulation of inverter-based variable generation on the grid

Main exploring measurements/parameters involved in:

- Net load =  load -  solar – storage

- Voltage support

- Power regulation: e.g. AGC frequency reg.

- Ramp control

- Spinning reserves

- Reactive power and active power curtailment:

Active power (Watt): real electrical resistance power consumption in circuit. Typically effective for frequency control

Reactive power (var): inductive and capacitive power consumption in circuit. Typically effective for voltage control

Apparent power (VA): combination of active power and reactive power.

Power factor: ratio between active power and apparent power. Reactive power is generated as a fixed percentage of active power.

Ultimately, the objective is to develop a BESS solution that can increase system flexibility and renewable energy penetration based on something consequential published in a peer-reviewed scientific or engineering journal.

Evolving landscape:

- Large scale and roof-top solar/storage growth comparison

- Solving grid planning and operation challeges using DER

Required expertise/skills: 

This work requires strengths with electric power systems simulation in either MATLAB or other software, expertiese with various DER power generation, economics of DER and microgrid.

If a post-doctoral candidate were selected this would save on the amount of manpower required and the prospects for mandatory involvement of a graduate supervisor.

For a graduate student, the involvement of a graduate supervisor would be required. Optional skills involve a willingness and ability to collaborate with other academics and professionals that may be recruited to promote the attainment of a quality result.