Structural performance of Glass Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) reinforced concrete tilt-up wall panels under out-of-plane loads

Glass Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) materials have emerged as a promising material in civil engineering applications due to their superior characteristics such as light weight, high strength, durability, and resistance to corrosion. Thanks to these features, GFRP bars have been used in many civil infrastructure applications. However, there are still opportunities to benefit from this innovative material. Using tilt-up wall panel method in construction of houses, and commercial and industrial buildings is a popular alternative to cast-in-place, precast, or masonry construction methods.