Socially and physically based surf warning system to improve beach safety

Surf-related drowning fatalities represent a significant economic burden to the Province of Ontario but many public beaches in Ontario do not have lifeguard programs and there is also a lack of active monitoring of surf conditions to provide real-time warnings. Improving beach safety is complicated by the fact that rescues and drowning fatalities do not depend on the wave and current conditions alone, but also depend on the behavior of the beach user individually and as part of a group.