In this proposal, we intend to answer how infrastructure sensors can be used for autonomous driving. Using infrastructure sensors make automated driving safer, more simplified, and cost effective especially for multiple autonomous vehicles operating in known environments such as large residential/commercial complexes and resorts. Infrastructure sensors replace the main onboard vehicle perception sensors with infrastructure sensors mounted on the side of the road, for example on light posts.
Securing autonomous vehicle environments has recently become a hot topic for both industry and academia due to the significant safety and monetary costs associated with security breaches of such environments. This requires different approaches to address the challenges and propose potential solutions at multiple levels of these environments. To that end, machine learning (ML) and blockchain (BC) techniques can play a vital role in ensuring that the safety and security standards are satisfied to protect vehicles from failures that may cause an accident and/or possible attacks.
Implementation of alternative fuel technologies for public transportation modes stems from increasing environmental concerns, technological improvements, and increasing demand for autonomous transportation, which is well exhibited by recent trends to replace diesel buses with battery electric buses (e-bus). Yet, scheduling and operational planning of electric vehicle (EV)-based transit modes is challenging due to additional considerations for energy consumption models and driving modes.
Electric buses have achieved first demonstration deployments in Canada. As bus fleet operators ramp up their implementation over the next 5-10 years, with many planning to fully convert their fleets to electric, charging capacity will become a challenge. This project will build up tools to examine the efficacy of energy storage located on the power grid side of the bus chargers to alleviate the high power requirements of the bus charges. This will help to mitigate technical challenges as well as costs associated with the charging the fleets.
CUTRIC, in partnership with the University of Windsor are seeking greater understanding of the barriers to participation which have resulted in the low representation of women within the leadership ranks of Canadian transit systems. To better understand this lack of representation, a literature review will be conducted to ascertain what knowledge exists in this field and will be used to provide a foundation for the next steps of the research.
Electronic systems have advanced to the point that our daily activities depend on them and we trust the Integrated Circuits (IC) within the electronic devices to perform their required operation. Due to current manufacturing trends, ICs are outsourced to third parties, and may cause the integrity of the IC to be compromised. Systems that rely on ICs are then open to attacks; hardware and internal structure of the ICs can be modified, without the knowledge of the designer.
Electrocatalytically converting CO2 into value-added transportation fuels, driven by solar derived electricity, can not only tackle global warming by reducing the green-house gases and utilizing the renewable energy, but also bring a great economic benefit. However, the current electrocatalytic technology suffers from an unsatisfied productivity of multi-carbon chemicals, as building blocks for large fuel molecules, and hence weakens its large-scale commercialization potential.
The adoption and integration of electric buses (eBus) will have positive impacts on the efficiency of transportation services, on energy consumption and related environmental benefits as well as costs, In partnership with CUTRIC OCAD U will engage dynamic Visual Analytics and Design Science to support electric bus (eBus) implementation in Canada, allowing the careful tracking of multiple data sources with which to measure the process of adoption, and then providing tools for monitoring of services, and prediction of impacts. We will further research on visualization technologies.
Sustainable public transfer systems are getting a lot of attention, and many organizations are transforming their fleets into systems that rely on alternative fuels; the Electric Vehicle (EV) being most popular. The environmental, geopolitical and financial advantages of EV vehicles are well studied; however, security of these systems is not given full attention. The most common method of recharging EVs is to use exchange or recharge stations.
Hydrogen Fuel Cell technology is actively pursued as a viable, sustainable and long-term solution for resolving transportation-related emission issues on a global scale. While Canada has a strong presence in this technology space in various parts of the world such as Europe, the USA, and China, hydrogen technology integration at the transit level is still not a reality in this country.