Design of modular soil sensor for batteryless IoT application

The rapid growth in population and environmental concerns, demands for efficient energy production, precision agriculture, and effective system monitoring. Soil, air, and water ecosystems are the most critical natural resources that if not properly maintained, will have a direct impact on agriculture and human lives. Efficient energy production and smart agriculture are essential to fulfill the increasing human needs and to protect the surrounding environment by using a more advanced type of sensor technology.