Re-Envisioning the Landscape: Photography and Îyârhe Nakoda Resurgence

Between 1888 and 1958, several hundred government surveyors worked across the mountainous regions of what is now western Canada to create topographic maps. To do so, they used a made-in-Canada technique employing photography and a transit. Left in the wake of their map-making are more than 120,000 photographic negatives. Today these images are used to better understand changes in Canada’s mountain landscapes. Yet it must be remembered that – in mapping out a new nation – these photographs contributed to policies that discriminated against and excluded Indigenous peoples.