Our ever-increasing needs for material and energy to sustain our modern lifestyle put an increasingly difficult-to-bear stresses on the extraction, harvesting, transformation and utilization of natural resources and their disposal (or waste), which ultimately lead to environmental, economical, political and societal consequences. Researchers from PyroGenesis Canada Inc.
The use of plasma torches for the gasification of waste products enables the transformation of waste into clean energy with no residual by-products. As a result of the extremely high temperatures generated by plasma torches (from 5,000°C to 20,000°C depending on the type of gas used), torch and reactor modelling represent a technological challenge for designers. Digital modelling of the plasma flare and the electrical arc in the plasma torch will contribute to a better understanding of the degradation of the torch’s internal components.
The use of plasma torches enables the gasification of waste into clean energy without producing any secondary residue. Because of the extremely high temperatures produced by plasma torches (more than 5,000 to 10,000 degrees Celsius depending on the type of gas used), the design of plasma torches and reactors presents new technological challenges to designers. Computer modelling of the plasma jet and gasification reactor will provide the basic data required for designing new equipment.