The light-sensing portion of the human eye, called the retina, is a highly complex structure that is nourished by several layers of small blood vessels. Diseases that lead to blindness, including Diabetic Retinopathy (which affects approximately one third of people with diabetes), often damage this network of blood circulation, causing changes to manifest in specific regions within the retina. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCT-A) is a relatively novel technology which can be used to visualize the retinal microcirculation in three dimensions.
Over 60% of overweight or obese individuals attempt weight loss diets each year. Although many different dietary approaches can lead to weight loss, increasing evidence suggests that a very low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet may have superior metabolic and weight loss effects. However, any diet is only as effective as adherence to it and adherence requires effective self-monitoring.
Amongst the automotive, marine and aerospace industries, the growing demand for maintaining customer satisfaction through enhanced performance while sufficiently meeting strict governmental regulations on fuel economy and emission control has forced manufacturers to develop lighter metals with superior properties as compared to their predecessors.
The proposed research project focuses on designing a control system, which integrates algorithms of active vehicle safety technologies, such as traction control and electronic stability control systems, and implementing it to a commercial software for full vehicle simulations. The controller model will be designed on a specialized control system software, called Simulink, to be implemented to a full vehicle model. The controller will be verified during a full vehicle simulation by observing the vehicle stability in extreme maneuvers.
Use of thermoplastics for engineering applications has become critical over the past decade with the automotive industry looking for creative ways to reduce vehicle weight. As such, linear vibration welding is gaining acceptance as a specialized method for joining thermoplastic parts. This research will focus on amorphous resins used in automotive light-weighting applications. Amorphous plastics typically have better impact resistance, but less resistance to fatigue cracking and stress cracking when compared to semi-crystalline plastics.
Simulating the Heating Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) system performance in a virtual environment is an integral part of a vehicle development process. Transient system behaviour is captured by modeling refrigerant flow, coolant flow and its interaction with air flow with the use of a one-dimensional tool. In this project, a methodology to integrate the thermal model of a HVAC system that would comprise of refrigerant loop, vehicle cabin and coolant loop with HVAC system controls is developed to simulate scenarios where the system is operating in automatic mode.
An increasing number of wearable devices collect and use physiological information to track physical and mental health on a daily basis. While large-scale research initiatives allow an unprecedented amount of data to be collected, biosignal analysis techniques have yet to catch up. Indeed, analysis tools designed by hand based on small datasets available in traditional research settings are still widely used.
A typical individual will encounter countless instances in their life where various stressors, such as the consumption of alcohol, ingestion of pain relieving medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or experiencing stress itself, may damage ones intestines in a way they never knew was possible. All of these stressors have been associated with increased intestinal permeability, which is essentially when the walls of your intestines lose their integrity so parts of the stool or toxins in the intestines can actually be absorbed into the body.
Vancouver, BC — Capitalizing on five years of research-collaboration success, Mitacs and Inria renewed their partnership originally signed in 2014. The memorandum of understanding (MOU) supports two-way international research opportunities for graduate researchers at Canadian universities and at eight Inria Research Centres in France.