Design of Polar Codes for Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Communication Systems: Constellation and Code Design
Reliable communication over wireless channels has been an active research area for decades. By employing multiple transmit and receive antennas, multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems increase the capacity of a wireless channel, bringing significant gain over single-input single-output (SISO) systems. One of the main tools to achieve the improved capacity are error correction codes. During the years since the introduction of the error correction codes, there have been many important breakthroughs in this field. Polar codes are the most recent of these revolutions. Roughly speaking polar codes are the first class of channel codes that are theoretically proved to be optimum. In this project different approaches to design polar codes for MIMO systems will be developed. As a result of this research we expect better channel codes for wireless communication systems that are able to provide greater reliability at higher data transmission rates with lower complexity than existing techniques.