Upgradation of Bio-crude oils and its fractions into transportation fuels
Currently, around the world municipal solid wastes creating a serious risk to human health and the environment; the cheapest and commonly used management technologies for these wastes are landfilling or combustion. However, landfill releases methane and other greenhouse gases, also it has potential to pollute surrounding soil and groundwater. On the other hand, municipal solid wastes can be processed via hydrothermal liquefaction technology to convert agricultural, kitchen and other organic waste streams into bio-crude oil that is environmentally green and carbon neutral. Thus, production of bio-crude oil has several techno-economic challenges and many technical areas need proper understanding. However, there is a compelling need to develop techno-economic viable production process of bio-crude oil to add value to underutilized waste. Thus, the main objective of this project is to produce carbon-neutral liquid transportation fuels (gasoline, diesel, and jet) from municipal solid wastes. The technology developed from this study will be implemented at NULIFE GreenTech Inc. production facility for producing bio-crude oil and bio-residue.