Application of biochar to enhance the growth of crops and final yield in agriculture has received a lot of attention recently, while the benefits to environment through deceleration of carbon loss and greenhouse gases leading to control climate changes and global warming are poorly understood. This study focuses on possible changes of biochar on carbon content, greenhouse gases, physicochemical properties, and microbial structure of the soil in Alberta.
Aubigny is a small rural community where individuals are responsible for their septic systems. Being smaller lots and close to the Red River, the potential for environmental damage such as soil, surface and ground pollution could be there. If suitable wastewater treatment system could be installed in this community then there would also be potential for more residential development. The project will determine the feasibility of creation of a sustainable wastewater treatment system that could work for such a community and ensure environmental sustainability there.
This project works to classify contaminants found in residential curb-side recycling. This is done automatically using computer vision techniques. As recycling is tipped into the recycling truck, cameras take pictures of the recycling and computer vision software works to identify contaminants found in the load. With municipalities equipped with this fine-grained data, they will have the ability to produce targeted education campaigns to improve the recycling process and reduce contamination found in recycling.
The electrification of the automobile industry is one of the main paths toward global decarbonization and a promising solution to address oil supply shortages and environmental pollution. However, the EV industry still faces critical challenges such as long charging time, low battery lifetime, and safety considerations, which restrict widespread adoption of EVs. In this project, we aim to develop a hybrid modeling framework to tackle these challenges.
The Peace River Regional District (PRRD) and the University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), are collaborating on the development of a solid waste management plan (SWMP) whose foundation is based on the five “R”s as outlined in A Guide to Solid Waste Management Planning (2016) produced by the British Columbia Ministry of Environment1. The hierarchy of the five R approach is: reduce, resuse, recycle, recover, residuals. While strategies have been put in place by the PRRD to encourage the reduce and reuse initiatives, this proposal focusses on the recycle and recover aspects.
The objective of the study is to develop an algorithm to streamline and automate the decision making process for implementing the municipal wastewater collection flushing program. Traditionally, a municipal flushing program, or pipe cleaning, is based on a time-cycle approach. This means that all sewer pipes in the network are treated the same, ignoring variables, such as the pipe physical attributes, site conditions, use and service are ignored. The driving paradigm for this project is to switch from a quantity-focused practice toward a quality-focused approach.
The main goal of this research project is to reduce the rate of occurrence of these distresses by designing and developing improved asphalt binder and asphalt mixtures appropriate for St. John’s environmental and loading conditions. The project will develop recommendations on specifications for asphalt binders, modifiers and asphalt mixtures to enhance the rutting and moisture resistance of pavement.
In cold regions, freezing temperatures impede construction activities or put them on hold until warmer seasons, as concreting activities under such conditions are quite challenging. This leads to considerable socioeconomic losses. This research will advance the current knowledge on cold weather concreting, which is a critical issue for Canada and other cold regions.
The focus of this project is to measure the historical and current rates of shoreline change around Point Pelee National Park (PPNP) and Peninsula. This information, combined with survey, climate, land use, and statistical data, will provide a better understanding on the primary causes, locations, and timings of significant shoreline change trends observed within the region.
Communities throughout Canada’s North are turning to small-scale agriculture in hopes of solving food security issues, fostering economic growth and adapting to climate change. The City of Yellowknife has developed an Agriculture Strategy to build a resilient local food system.