Under Ontarios regulations, facilities generating thousands of tonnes of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per year must report their emissions, and industries are motivated to reduce GHGs through Cap-and-Trade regulations. Based on the Power-to-gas concept, this research will develop a techno-economic-environmental model for hydrogen-based energy systems that include electricity from the utility grid and distributed renewable energy such as wind and solar. Toyotas industrial facilities are used for a case study.
Electrochemical water splitting into hydrogen and oxygen gas is a technology of growing importance in the clean energy storage and conversion sector. While this technology has been operating successfully for decades using liquid electroytes, emerging technology uses membranes to provide physical separation of the cathode and anode compartments and thereby separation of the product gases, while allowing ions to flow between electrolytes in order for the electrochemical reactions to occur. The membranes used in electrolyzers are typically acidic, proton exchange membranes (PEM), e.g., Nafion.
A major contributor to smog formation is the release of volatile chemicals into the atmosphere which are emitted from many sources including automobile exhaust and consumer products such as paints. To combat the adverse effects smog has on air quality in North America, agencies such as Environment and Climate Change (Canada) and the Environmental Protection Agency (United States) enforce limits on the types and amounts of chemicals used in industrial applications and consumer products.
The joint objective of the consortium is to undertake R&D necessary to produce a scalable, cost-effective combined hydrogen storage and fuel cell solution for UAVs that addresses weight and volume and improves refueling logistics. The novel hydrogen storage system will be combined with a high-power density optimized fuel cell stack for UAVs that integrates with the low pressure, volumetrically efficient, hydrogen storage solution.
The key objective of this research is to test the Refuse-Derived Fuel supplied by ICC and investigate parameters Involved In making durable pellets from these residues. This will include conducting a series of pelletization tests with different mixture recipe, pre-conditioning of material as well as adding binders. The produced pellets will then be tested for their calorific value, chemical composition, chlorine content and ash content ICC plans to convert RDF to heat, and electricity through gasification.
Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries are the leading candidate for powering hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and pure electric vehicles (EVs) due to their high energy density properties compared to other battery technologies. However, their performance is substantially reduced at temperatures below 0 °C, posing a technical barrier for market penetration of HEVs and EVs. The root cause behind this poor outcome is largely attributed to low conductivity of the electrolyte as well as low lithium-ion diffusivity.
Micro-tunneling technique is a feasible means to construct pipelines and tunnels in different types of ground including Queenston shale. However, this shale exhibits time-dependent deformation behavior, generally known as the rock swelling, which produces additional stresses on underground structures. These stresses may exceed the allowable tensile or compressive strength of concrete of the pipeline or the tunnel liner, which in-turn may result in cracks in these structures.
Annually, around 50 million tonnes of electronic wastes is produced worldwide which contains valuable metals such as gold, copper, silver and palladium. Due to the lack of a suitable recycling technology, more than 80% of these wastes end up in landfills. The economic driving force for e-waste recycling has been recovery of precious metals, especially gold, in which more than 80% of the total value is attributed to gold alone. The current industrial processes for recovery of precious metals from electronic scraps are energy intensive, expensive, time consuming, and non-efficient.
Human activity in PEI contributes to over 90% of nitrates in island waterways. These nitrates are responsible for the growth of plants and algae including sea lettuce that chokes ponds and waterways, discolor water and create an anoxic event, which is harmful to the marine ecosystem. The proposed research investigates an integrated process for the conversion of sea lettuce into hydrochar and biogas with recycling of nutrients that could justify the harvesting of sea lettuce.
The West Bolton SNAP project will test methods for increasing the number of suburban households undertaking home energy retrofits in a neighbourhood of Caledon, Ontario with the aim of reducing residential energy consumption and the resulting GHG emissions. The Program will utilize locally targeted marketing, community events, and face-to-face Home Retrofit Consultations to engage households in West Bolton.