Characterization and Pelletization of Refused Derived Fuel (RDF)

The key objective of this research is to test the Refuse-Derived Fuel supplied by ICC and investigate parameters Involved In making durable pellets from these residues. This will include conducting a series of pelletization tests with different mixture recipe, pre-conditioning of material as well as adding binders. The produced pellets will then be tested for their calorific value, chemical composition, chlorine content and ash content ICC plans to convert RDF to heat, and electricity through gasification.

Development of Li-Ion cells/batteries for low temperature applications - Year two

Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries are the leading candidate for powering hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and pure electric vehicles (EVs) due to their high energy density properties compared to other battery technologies. However, their performance is substantially reduced at temperatures below 0 °C, posing a technical barrier for market penetration of HEVs and EVs. The root cause behind this poor outcome is largely attributed to low conductivity of the electrolyte as well as low lithium-ion diffusivity.

Time-Dependent Effects On Vertical Shafts Used In Micro-Tunneling applications In Queenston Shale - Year two

Micro-tunneling technique is a feasible means to construct pipelines and tunnels in different types of ground including Queenston shale. However, this shale exhibits time-dependent deformation behavior, generally known as the rock swelling, which produces additional stresses on underground structures. These stresses may exceed the allowable tensile or compressive strength of concrete of the pipeline or the tunnel liner, which in-turn may result in cracks in these structures.

Application of a new method for recovery of gold from electronic waste

Annually, around 50 million tonnes of electronic wastes is produced worldwide which contains valuable metals such as gold, copper, silver and palladium. Due to the lack of a suitable recycling technology, more than 80% of these wastes end up in landfills. The economic driving force for e-waste recycling has been recovery of precious metals, especially gold, in which more than 80% of the total value is attributed to gold alone. The current industrial processes for recovery of precious metals from electronic scraps are energy intensive, expensive, time consuming, and non-efficient.

Sea Lettuce to Biocarbon and Biogas with Recovery of Nutrients

Human activity in PEI contributes to over 90% of nitrates in island waterways. These nitrates are responsible for the growth of plants and algae including sea lettuce that chokes ponds and waterways, discolor water and create an anoxic event, which is harmful to the marine ecosystem. The proposed research investigates an integrated process for the conversion of sea lettuce into hydrochar and biogas with recycling of nutrients that could justify the harvesting of sea lettuce.

West Bolton Sustainable Neighbourhood Retrofit Action Plan - home energy retrofit program

The West Bolton SNAP project will test methods for increasing the number of suburban households undertaking home energy retrofits in a neighbourhood of Caledon, Ontario with the aim of reducing residential energy consumption and the resulting GHG emissions. The Program will utilize locally targeted marketing, community events, and face-to-face Home Retrofit Consultations to engage households in West Bolton.

Implementation, Demonstration, and Evaluation of a Cloud-Based Smart Dual Fuel Switching System (SDFSS) for the Hybrid Integrated HVAC System in a Net-Zero Energy House

Energy consumption of a net zero energy home (NZEH) equipped with high efficiency natural gas fired furnace and an electrical air source heat pump will be monitored for a period of 12 months. The mechanical system of the house is designed to switch between these two sources of energy based on outdoor temperature. Based on current settings, heat pump works during milder/warmer weather condition and when temperature reaches below a certain point, system switches to furnace which works more efficiently in cold weather.

Topology validation, Error detection, and Correction of rooftops 3D models from LiDAR point clouds and Photogrammetry

The last few years have seen a tremendous increase of the collection and use of LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) data for 3D modeling of cities, forest surveys and autonomous driving. In the context of 3D cities, buildings are reconstructed separately, sometimes with the help of aerial images. The accuracy assessment of these 3D models is not straightforward. However, end-point users need to know how reliable the models are for using them for tasks such as roofing quotes and solar installations design.

Novel OER catalysts and rapid screening methodology for reversal tolerant PEM fuel cell anodes

Hydrogen fuel cells are a promising alternative to meeting today’s transportation demands. Longer lasting and more robust fuel cells are essential for commercial applications. A common issue with the longevity of a fuel cell stack is the tolerance to repeated start-up shutdown cycles. During these cycles, the fuel cell can become starved of fuel due to blockages in the channels. Without fuel to react, the fuel cell will begin to break down the carbon supports causing catastrophic cell failure.

Connecting private investment to clean-tech innovation in buildings: A new framework for understanding Green Investment Banks

Meeting the Paris Climate Accord will require $53 trillion invested towards low-carbon infrastructures by 2035. To accelerate domestic investment in renewable energy and energy efficiency, dozens of Green Investment Banks have been developed in recent years seeking to leverage public spending with funds from institutional investors, such as pension funds, insurance companies, and private equity firms.