Minimizing potential induced degradation in crystalline-silicon based photovoltaic solar modules – Year 3

The demand for photovoltaic solar modules has increased tremendously in recent years. Unfortunately, photovoltaic solar modules are prone to potential induced degradation, i.e., a decrease in the power delivered from such modules arising as a consequence of them operating continuously under high applied voltages. This project aims to design a protocol for the accelerated testing of solar modules; we want to speed-up or accelerate the aging of these solar modules in order to identify what materials and configurations in a solar module are less prone to potential induced degradation.

Development of Novel Power Take Off and Control Scheme for a Canadian Wave Energy Converter

In the proposed project, an exploratory study will be conducted on the control concept and WEC design developed by P2H2P in order to prove its viability for energy recovery from the waves. For this purpose, a time domain model and unique control system will be constructed considering the particularities of the design, as provided by P2H2P. The outcome of this project will be the predicted power output from the WEC in the typically sea states that occur off the West Coast of Canada, alongside the expected annual energy generation from this concept.

Development of efficient and inexpensive thermal storage “on demand” for Dish/Stirling System

In this project we aim to study means of development of a new concept of the thermal energy storage (TES) technology which allows for the collection of thermal energy for later use. With the Solar Power System it is necessary to balance energy demand between day and night time. On the one hand, TES can help improve the performance of a power generating system by achieving full load operation of the thermodynamic cycle at high efficiency. On the other hand, demand for energy for personal needs is unsteady during the day.

Production of Healthy DAG-Enriched Oil from Canola Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Media in Par-Baked Frozen Dough Products

Structured lipids, specifically diacylglyceride (DAG) oils, have potential to replace trans fats and oils high in saturated fats such as palm and thus provide healthier oils with improved functionalities and sustainability. However, they are produced using costly and environmentally unfriendly “enzyme in solvent” systems, and have shortcomings when utilized in certain food applications. DAG oils are clinically claimed to help reduce fat accumulation and can have a major impact on obesity, which is currently identified as a global health risk by the United Nations World Health Organization.

Improving Process and Product Performance through Innovative and cost effective solutions

EHC Global - our industry partner, is a worldwide industry leader in design and manufacture of escalator handrails and many other products for the lift industry. They mainly deal with thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPUs), which are versatile engineering polymers with a wide range of applications, however processing of TPUs is a complicated and challenging task. The complications arise from the relatively high melting temperature of crystalline hard blocks and the degradation and crosslinking that take place at temperatures slightly above melting temperatures.

Development of Combined Building Integrated Photovoltaic/Thermal (BIPV/T) System for Net-Zero Energy Building Applications

"Building integrated photovoltaic–thermal array (BIPV/T) incorporated within a building structure is a system that combines the roof/facade, photovoltaic cells and thermal collector as an all-in-one product instead of installing each individually. BIPV/T effectively replaces conventional building materials and is more cost-effective than having several separate products, and installation of the BIPV/T system can be implemented during initial building construction.

Developing a method for determination of biochemical methane potential and rate of anaerobic degradation of landfill solid wastes

ET-LBC technology (Evapotranspiration-Landfill Biocovers) is the capital intensive emerging modern landfill technology. The acceptance of this technology by landfill regulators and operators, and its possible future participation in carbon credit trading depends on its performance. In order asses the performance of the ET-LBC technology using mathematical models, the anaerobic degradation parameters such as the methane yield potential (L0), anaerobic decay rate (k) must be known. Anaerobic degradation parameters can be calculated using existing models.

Cloud-based RealTime Energy Monitoring with Wireless Sensors

Long-term monitoring and modeling energy consumption behaviors is a daunting task for decades. This project aims to achieve efficient energy consumption data collection and processing using wireless sensors and cloud platform together, focusing on large scale enterprises that consume large amount of energy, e.g., electricity, gas. By tackling the challenges through algorithm design and system integration, a prototype system will be delivered, which can effectively gather data from distributed sensors and efficiently analyze real time data on the cloud platform.

Next Generation Selective Nanocomposite Fibrous Membrane for Energy Recovery Ventilators

Heating and cooling in residential and commercial buildings account for 20% of total energy consumption in Canada. Conditioning indoor air using less energy is closely associated with minimizing production of greenhouse gases and making a sustainable global environment. In this study, we apply a nanocomposite fibrous membrane for an energy recovery ventilator (ERV). Heat and moisture from an exhaust contaminated indoor air are captured via ERV and recycled for conditioning entering outdoor air, ultimately resulting in energy savings and improving the indoor air quality of buildings.

Silicon Photonic Water Quality Sensor

Pesticide detection in water has become a high priority worldwide, from protecting the population from environmental contamination due to agricultural pesticides, and bio-threats from terrorist activities. An exhaustive characterization of water pollutants requires laboratory-based analyses which are inherently slow and expensive. Thus, regarding the above mentioned pesticide contaminations, developing a real-time and in-situ detection technique would be very valuable to rapidly protect the population and the environment, especially in remote places.

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