Global pollution emissions contribute to climate change and are damaging to health. In many industrial applications that produce particulate matter, devices such as cyclones are used to separate and capture the particles from the exhaust gas. However, these do not capture the very small, but hazardous, particles and so expensive and energy-intensive secondary systems have to be added to the process. The industrial partner is developing a novel dynamic cyclone separator that has rotating vanes which improve the particle separation efficiency and allow capture of the fine particles.
Light electric vehicles such as e-bikes, e-scooters and e-cars have increased in popularity but still they have many problems. Their battery capacity and motor efficiency can strongly limit the riders. The main objective of the project is to design a hybrid electro-hydraulic system for chainless pedaling vehicles. Our idea is a coupled motor generator system with high efficiency and variable pedal torque. To Control the pedal torque we are going to design a skin touch sensor to detect the muscle fatigue.
A major contributor to smog formation is the release of volatile chemicals into the atmosphere which are emitted from many sources including automobile exhaust and consumer products such as paints. To combat the adverse effects smog has on air quality in North America, agencies such as Environment and Climate Change (Canada) and the Environmental Protection Agency (United States) enforce limits on the types and amounts of chemicals used in industrial applications and consumer products.
This project aims to convert feedstocks to H2-rich syngas for FT biojet fuel synthesis by using a two-stage system. The first is a hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) process, one of the most promising thermochemical pathways to liquefy solid biomass into liquid products including bio-crude with higher heating values and an aqueous product. The second is a gasification process using water in supercritical range (SCWG) and in the presence of a catalyst, during which the liquefied biomass (after separating out char and ash), from first stage can be transformed to clean and H2-rich syngas.
There has been a noticeable interest across Canada to deploy new approaches to help address our growing energy needs. Second generation bioethanol production from agricultural and forest residues (named as lignocellulosic biomass), can pave the way for achieving this sustainable bio-economy. Regardless the efforts by ethanol producer companies to develop the technologies of generation of bioethanol fermentation, significant research is still required to further enrich the exertions of pilot-scale demonstration/ or pre-commercial phases to eventually debut impacts into society.
The American Institute of Architects (AIA) defines IPD as:
a collaborative alliance of people, systems, business structures and practices into a process that harnesses the talents and insights of all participants to optimize project results, increase value to the owner, reduce waste, and maximize efficiency through all phases of design, fabrication, and construction.
Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) has emerged as a project procurement and delivery method with the potential to deliver significant value to owners and building occupants by unlocking the time, cost and quality advantages offe
This proposed project will support our ongoing efforts in scanning and screening existing technologies and de-bottlenecking key technology barriers in converting low-cost biomass residues to renewable natural gas in British Columbia pulp, paper and lumber mills. Specifically, we will focus on developing a bauxite residue (f.k.a., red mud) based catalyst for the removal of tar from gasification syngas to yield clean syngas for methanation to biomethane, and evaluating and improving the commercial methanation catalyst.
Recently, global society has been trying to develop biorefinery processes to produce renewable, biomass based, fuels and chemicals to enable the transition to a more environmentally friendly economy that is less dependent on fossil fuels. However, it is still very challenging to achieve the cost-effective biorefinery process due to some issues associated with the recalcitrant biomass structure and the potential utilization of lignin. Lignin is worlds second largest biopolymer and a major potential source for production of advanced materials and aromatic chemicals.
The deployment of electric and alternatively-fuelled vehicles in urban transportation constitutes a core component of current federal and provincial policies vis-a-vis Climate Action Strategies across Canada.
Osmotic power or salinity gradient energy is one type of the renewable energies which is produced by fresh and salt water. This new environmental friendly energy based on the advantages such as carbon dioxide free and generating power continuously in all weather conditions seems to be a good option in which to invest. Therefore, investigation and research on osmotic energy and the technologies that generate it will be highly beneficial to Quebec. This project looks to develop expertise related to osmotic power.