Hydro One is changing Ontario’s power grid into a smarter grid. This change has many aspects, like the use of renewable energy, communication and electric vehicles. Private investors are encouraged to invest in renewable electricity production through Ontario Power Authority's Feed-In Tariff Program, which is a pricing structure for renewable electricity production. This program pays from 44.3 to 80.2 ¢/kWh for the electricity generated from solar Photovoltaic and from 13.5 to 19 ¢/kWh for electricity generated from wind energy.
Wind turbines in cold coastal climate experience frequent icing events. Icing may result in a variety of problems which can affect the production rate and availability of the turbines. The main focus of the proposed research is on how to deal with the icing issues at Kent Hills wind farm located in New Brunswick. Total loss of production revenue due to icing events at this wind farm was estimated to be around $2 million.
AMCO requires improvements to the alternate energy systems that cannot be supported by operating profits alone. This project is essential to ensure the company remains viable and that the company does not shut down the Biomass Plant and absorb such debt in its current operations. The project will increase the amount of green energy production thereby reducing the consumption of fossil fuels and proactively reducing CO2 disbursed into the atmosphere.
Solar energy has long been recognized as one of the most abundant forms of clean energy. Countless research efforts around the globe are contributing to the steady decline in the cost of photovoltaic power, with the promise of reaching grid parity in the near future. This is a complex target, as the price of conventional energy sources is constantly in flux and heavily dependent on government subsidies. The penetration level of solar power is rapidly increasing in most developed countries due to government incentives and multi-disciplinary technological advances.
In this project, we will explore the capability to produce meaningful amounts of electricity by thermoelectric generation from waste heat in industrial applications. We will derive theory to evaluate the capability of thermoelectric power generators and design and build simple thermoelectric generation devices to test the theory. We will compare metal and semiconductor thermoelectric materials.
In photosynthesis a protein complex absorbs photons and converts them to charge. This process is achieved with extremely high quantum efficiency. We are investigating several means of incorporating these protein reaction centres into photovoltaic devices. The key is to efficiently extract charge from the reaction centres. We are doing this using direct tunneling to electrodes or by passing charge to a mediator molecule that carries it to a selective electrode. Ultimately we hope to demonstrate a very low cost method for converting solar to electrical energy.
With the fast growth in the Micro-Electromechanical System (MEMS) market, there is also growing need for miniaturized power sources. MEMS devices are beginning to make significant contributions in new subjects, including Lab-on-Chips (LOC) and other micro-fluidic devices, wireless communications, sensors, and optics. In all these technologies, electric power is a vital issue for the further development of the MEMS field.