Despite a rapid decline of electricity costs, there is still demand for energy-dense liquid fuels, such as in heavy freight and air transportation. Liquid fuels can be synthesized from a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen called synthesis gas (syngas). However, this process requires high temperatures and pressures, and is itself responsible for significant greenhouse gas emissions. We propose the use of electrocatalysis to produce these liquid fuels.
The remote First Nations communities of Canada suffer from a dire lack of access to emergency response systems and services during times of crises. They lack access to life-saving services such as paramedics, 911 services, and search and rescue services due to their geographic isolation. This often puts them in grave danger and results in loss of lives.
The presence of manganese in drinking water supplies has been problematic for drinking water providers as it can be difficult to remove during treatment and it creates aesthetic challenges, such as colored (e.g. black, brown) and bad tasting/smelling water. Recently, Health Canada has proposed a health-based maximum acceptable concentration for Mn of 0.10 mg/L. Biofiltration technology is growing in popularity as a sustainable method for removing Mn from drinking water; however, there is a lack of evidence to support the effectiveness in cold water (less than 10ºC).
In 2012, changes to provincial legislation in Ontario provided municipalities with a new market-based tool to improve the energy and water efficiency of the existing building stock; the local improvement charge (LIC) mechanism.
The City of Toronto was the first and remains the only Ontario municipality to use LICs to finance residential energy retrofits, starting in 2014 with the Home Energy Loan Program. Many other municipalities are interested.
Rechargeable aqueous zinc ion batteries (RAZBs) have been used extensively because of their safety and low-cost. As an available cathode material for ZIBs, layered vanadium oxide (V2O5) has been considered due to its high specific discharge capacity. Because V2O5 is slightly soluble in water, it is suitable for modifying V2O5 with conductive polymers to stabilize its crystalline structure and decrease the solubility of V2O5 in aqueous electrolyte systems. In-situ polymerization will be used to coat polymers on the V2O5 surface.
Many architecture and design firms in Calgary have a strong desire to incorporate parametric software (BIM) and digital manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technologies into their design processes in order to meet evolving client demands, regulatory requirements, and sustainability performance targets. These are necessary criteria that constitute high-quality built environments capable of meeting the needs of multiple stakeholders including clients as well as the general public.
Bioénergie La Tuque (BELT) is promoting the development of a 200 million liter per year biofuels plant to be built by 2023 in La Tuque. The plant will use residues from forest harvesting as feedstock, which will be a first at that scale for a second-generation biomass biorefinery in Canada. It is critical for a project of that magnitude to achieve success, that risk associated with the biorefinery implementation are thoroughly identified and mitigated. In this project, technology and market risk factors are specifically targeted.
ERCO Worldwide, A division of Superior Plus LP, Saskatoon facility ("ERCO Worldwide-Saskatoon") is a manufacturer of caustic soda, chlorine, hydrochloric acid and sodium chlorate. This facility has four fully developed underground brine wells. The brine solution as produced from the brine wells contains 26% sodium chloride in it. This saturated brine is purified and supplied to the electrolyzer system to produce caustic soda, chlorine, hydrochloric acid, and sodium chlorate.
It is vital to reduce today's consumption of fossil fuels by using renewable energies like wind energy, solar or photovoltaic. However, majority of renewable energies are intermittent and not in phase with human electricity consumption cycle. It is therefore essential to develop energy storage systems to capture renewable energies when they are available and distribute them when needed.
Adiabatic compressed air energy storage (A-CAES) is a very promising technology. These systems are one of the few storage technologies capable of delivering several hours of high power.
Energy poverty is an issue that impacts many First Nations communities in British Columbia. Despite significant appetite from communities to develop clean energy solutions, many do not benefit from the available financing programs. This research seeks to understand what barriers exist for First Nations communities in accessing energy financing, as well as to identify some best practices from other jurisdictions. The project will use this information to propose innovative community energy financing options that could be applied in the B.C. context.