Social welfare systems analysis of road capacity expansion options

Cintra Canada Inc. has conducted several research studies on the advantages of implementing managed lanes (lanes where operational/management strategies are implemented in response to varying travel demand/supply conditions) with the focus on the travel speeds, road capacity, and air quality benefits. However, no study to date, has conducted a comprehensive analysis of the system-wide welfare benefits/costs of managed lanes. Cintra, as one of the major providers of managed lanes in North America, is eager to understand the fundamental and broader implications of various managed lane options.

Segment-based Fleet Management System for Semi Real-Time Analysis

Traditional fleet management systems suffer from zone-based aggregation. i.e. they use aggregate zone-level road and terrain characteristics to estimate trip performance indicators. In addition, most of these systems require intermediate ad-hoc staging tables to generate trip performance reports. To address these limitations, this research aims at developing a segment-based fleet management system for near real-time analysis. The proposed approach uses static segmentation to associate road and terrain characteristics with each segment of the road network.

Magneto-Rheological Actuator for Active Vehicle Suspensions - Year two

Increased interest in active vehicle suspensions has been shown in recent years as active suspensions improve ride comfort and handling over passive suspensions. Active suspensions replace passive fluidic dampers with highly controllable actuators to minimize transmission of road induced disturbances and actively control vehicle’s roll and pitch. However, integration of active suspensions in vehicles is hindered by conventional actuators that do not meet requirements of cost, bandwidth, weight, power consumption and reliability.

Accelerating Roll-out of Electric Vehicles in the GTA

In Canada, the transport sector contributes to almost a quarter of all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which are already having a dramatic effect on planetary climate systems. In the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) the share of transport sector emissions increases to over half of all GHG emissions. To help reduce greenhouse emissions from this sector, a number of new technologies (e.g. battery electric vehicles (EV) and buses, natural gas fueled buses) and community services (e.g. ridesharing) are proposed and being tested.

In-motion 3D Modeling and Image-based Metric Measurement of Vehicles using Laser Optics Technology

A laser-optics vehicle profiling system will be designed and developed in this project. The image of a laser line projected onto the surface of a vehicle from a vantage point will be used to make metric measurements on the vehicle and to develop a 3D model of it.
It is conjectured that this setup would work superior to the existing time-of-flight laser profilers in terms of accuracy, resolution, and speed of operation.
Multiple laser-optics scanners located at optimal locations in an inspection station can provide a panoramic 3D model of the vehicle and also provide measurements.

Spatial and Temporal Linear Induction Motor Harmonics

Linear Induction Motors (LIMs) are used in a significant portion of existing rail transport systems, and Bombardier Transport Canada Inc. is a global leader in the industry. LIMs will be ever more important in the future with the expansion of Maglevs globally. In this project, the intern will explore the mathematical models used in designing LIMs. The main objective will be improving the mathematical treatment in order to increase the efficiency of LIMs and eliminate or minimize undesirable effects such as overheating.

Maritime Domain Awareness: A Service-oriented Analytic Framework

Maritime situation analysis is critical for dynamic decision-making in responding to real-world situations. Rapidly unfolding situations that pose an imminent danger or threat to critical infrastructure or public safety require interactive decision-making to enable a swift response. The main objective of this project is to design a robust methodical framework for the development of intelligent systems and services for real-time anomaly detection in marine traffic, applied to large volume maritime surveillance operations.

Gearbox fault detection and failure prediction

The objective of the project is to develop an automated monitoring system to accurately and reliably detect deterioration within gearboxes operating on an industrial forming line. This will involve reviewing, developing and testing one or more methodologies based on vibration signal measurement and analysis. In particular the work will focus on exploring existing potential methods, defining the capabilities of different sensors that could be used in the given environment and developing appropriate vibration signal analysis algorithms for gearbox deterioration detection and decision making.

Development and improvement of design manuals and analysis tools for Polymer Matrix Composites (PMC’s) in gas turbine engine applications

Non-metallic technologies, including composite materials, have the potential to improve aircraft engines performances and fuel efficiency, and therefore gained a lot of popularity in the aerospace sector in the past decades. Therefore, the overall objective of this research project is to develop an understanding of all available non-metallic technologies, their maturity and value proposition when applied to Pratt & Whitney Canada engines. The intern will contribute to accelerate the development and incorporation of specific non-metallic components in Pratt & Whitney engines.

Hydrogen Storage in Two-Dimensional Layered Nanomaterials: Synthesis - Year Two

The objective of the proposed research is to investigate novel solid-state materials that have potential for hydrogen storage applications in fuel cell electric vehicles. Of interest are materials that can store hydrogen at ambient conditions and low pressures, have high gravimetric and volumetric hydrogen capacities, and can be safely packed into a hydrogen storage tank for automotive use. The research will focus on assessing the feasibility of threedimensional structures consisting of two-dimensional layered nanomaterials such as graphene as viable media to store hydrogen.

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