Integration of GNSS Precise Point Positioning and Inertial Sensing Technologies for Lane-Level Car Navigation

Present car navigation systems provide drivers with route guidance information relying mostly on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS). There is a growing demand at the present time to achieve decimeter-level accuracy for the purpose of accurate lane-level car navigation. This research aims at the development of reliable, accurate and continuous lane-level car navigation integrating the emerging GNSS precise point positioning (PPP) technology with motion sensors in land vehicles.

Development of a simulation-based tool to predict the aerodynamic loads on heavy duty trucks

Agility Fuel Systems manufactures fuel systems for converting heavy-duty trucks from diesel fuel to compressed natural gas. The system components are typically situated between the cab and the trailer or along the sides of the truck. Because natural-gas components are typically larger than their conventional counterparts, the converted trucks may experience a larger aerodynamic drag, which decreases its fuel efficiency.

Simulating heat transfer mechanisms for additive manufacturing processes

Additive manufacturing (AM) is a process family which is widely used for deposition of thin protective layers of novel alloy materials on components operating in severe conditions, and also for fabrication and repair of complex 3D parts. The scope of this research is to establish a process planning framework for metal based bead deposition processes that considers the various machine, materials, and process parameters.

Optical determination of membrane defects and correlation with fuel cell performance and durability

There is a strong push toward producing fuel cells on a commercial scale. This means a greater focus on production speed and yields with a need to understand the unintended features that arise from larger-scale manufacturing processes. This project requires the set up of state-of-the-art, camera-vision, defect detection equipment to find and collect observed membrane features. These features will then be catalogued and tested to determine their impact on membrane durability and whether they affect later processing steps.

Development of Ex-situ Mechanical Durability Tools and Thermo-mechanical Design Curves for Fuel Cell Membranes

Hydrogen powered polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are a clean energy technology that generates electricity without harmful emissions at the point of use. Current R&D efforts mainly target to commercialize PEMFCs through cost reduction and durability enhancement. The lifetime of PEMFC is limited by the degradation and failure of the polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM). The proposed research project addresses the mechanical degradation mechanism, a key factor reducing the lifetime of PEMs, by developing in-house ex-situ mechanical durability evaluation tools.

Lower Cost Forging Control

Turbine discs are critical rotating parts of aircraft turbofan jet engines and are manufactured as separate units. In order for production acceptance of the forging technique used to manufacture turbine discs, a large amount of testing is conducted. This testing completed on raw materials and finished products includes a series of tensile and Low Cycle Fatigue (LCF) specimen testing. Based on the test data, this proposed research aims to determine a relationship between tensile properties and LCF life.

Modified GLARE using GRIP Metal™ Technology

Nucap developed a new bonding technology (GRIP Metal™) that has been primarily used to connect backing plates with braking pads used in automotive disk braking systems. Nucap wishes to explore the technology towards different applications. In this proposal, fibre metal laminates used in the aerospace industry, in particular, GLARE (glass laminate aluminum reinforced epoxy) will be investigated experimentally (tensile, shearing, and impact tests) and compared against modified GLARE with GRIP Metal™ technology.

DFT calculation of H abstraction reactions of phenyl-?-naphtylamine with alkyperoxy radicals

Lubricating oil degradation is a ubiquitous problem in industrial machinery. In general, this process includes the thermal breakdown, oxidation, and polymerization of the oil molecules as they turn into undesirable by-products while the lubricant ages. Primary antioxidants, also known as radical scavengers, are regularly added to the lubricant to remove the initial peroxy and alkyl radicals. As a large number of industrial applications rely on the use of such additives, it is therefore very important to have solid knowledge of the efficiency of each type of antioxidant molecule.

Structural, Vibrations and Aerodynamic Analysis of Composite Trailer Tail System

The proposed project is to develop a design tool box with the cooperation R&D team in Transtex Composite, research fellow and academic supervisor. The design toolbox help the engineers in design department of Transtex Composite to design the trailer tail structure based on finite element analysis to be developed by research fellow. Therefore, this package saves time and design cost for different trailers which is added value for Transtex Composites.

Evaluation of strength loss in heat affected zone of 6061-T6 aluminum alloy welded joints and it’s improvement by local post weld-heat treatment

Bombardier Transport (BT) is one of world major companies in the transport industry. The application of aluminum in the structure of transport vehicles (cars, trains, ships, etc.) is continuously increasing mainly due to the benefits in weight saving. Therefore BT is also working extensively in implementing the use of aluminum alloys in its products. Welding is one of the major manufacturing techniques used in the structure of transport vehicles. One of the common welding problems in aluminum alloys is the strength loss in heat affected zone (HAZ).