Water injection in the industrial gas turbines is frequently used to improve the turbine performance during hot days. Injected water evaporates in the compressor section providing effective cooling leading to increased gas density and improved performance. Water injection technology poses several technological challenges. The injection system needs to be optimized to provide a uniform droplet size distribution across the inlet cross section.
This project aims to develop a standard that relates the loss of functionality in the porous transport layers (PTL) due to the presence of defects to the performance of a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell. This work attempts to screen defects in the PTL using previously developed testing protocols. Currently there are no existing protocols that specify when to reject defected PTL material from external suppliers. These results will help to avoid falsely rejecting material by developing such guidelines for a failure screening method based on experimental data.
Friction control plays a major role in reducing wear, noise and vibration, and managing wheel/rail interaction on rail transit systems. Recognized as a global leader in rail industry, L.B. Foster has developed innovative lubrication technology for friction management at specific sections of a railroad track. The mobile dispensing system used for friction management requires an external power source to provide power to the unit. It would be ideal if the system can include a separate power generation unit that can obtain its power from a reliable source on the railcar.
In Early 2013, an NSERC Engage grant and a Coop term project enabled collaboration between Mercedes-Benz Canada Inc. Fuel Cell Division (MBFC) and Dr. Merida’s group at the University of British Columbia (UBC). A test-bench apparatus for the evaluation of fuel cell material properties during manufacturing processes was designed. The present proposal builds on the previous activities and aims to make the test-bench apparatus available for material pre-qualification.
To meet CAFE standards for fuel economy, many new projects are being undertaken. One such method being investigated to achieve these standards is vehicle lightweighting. Each lightweighting project has an associated cost and will have an impact on various functional groups of the vehicle. During this internship, the related functional benefits of lightweighting will be analyzed, with a focus on location (zone) based effects. The zones will be accessed and a value to weight reduction ratio will be assigned to each.
An emerging concept in urban transportation systems is utilization of small electric vehicles that meet the demands for enclosed personal mobility. These types of vehicles are generally small and lightweight but require much less space than more conventional vehicles such as the Smart Car. Furthermore, the vehicle is all battery electric. Recent developments have utilized innovative in-wheel electric motors mounted on carbon fiber platforms.
The proposed research project seeks to define the environmental advantages and cost challenges associated with the design of two types of alternative fuel vehicles; battery electric and bi-fuel CNG + gasoline, with respect to a changing American market. These alternative fuel vehicles will be compared to traditional internal combustion vehicles and assessed based on the environmental effects of the pollutants emitted and their capability to meet the current and future needs of consumers.
In this project, we propose to develop innovative methods to improve the efficiency of yard operations in intermodal terminals where containers awaiting to be loaded on the trains are temporarily stored. The management of yard operations involves allocating storage space to containers on the yard, and assigning cranes and/or other handling equipment to transfer the containers to the rail cars. The lack of proper planning and mishandling of containers can lead to large delays and significant rise in the operating costs.
The internship will be centred on the simulation of the dynamics of the Proto towed vehicle platform. Go Beyond will produce an initial design for the intern to work with, which will strongly resemble a torpedo-shaped AUV. The Proto simulation research will take that design and study various aspects of its dynamics. The outcome of the project will be a functioning dynamical model of Proto, which will help to influence the real-world prototype.