This project focuses on the research and development of a novel two-stage anaerobic digestion (AD) process to create an array of renewable products such as transportation fuels, chemicals, and plastics from sustainable biomass sources i.e. lignocellulosic crops, and to use wastes such as agricultural residues or municipal green bin collections or animal manures. The novel process will expand the application of the AD process beyond its current primary use for solids and organic wastes treatment to a first-of-a-kind venue.
The coastal marine regions of Canada are an excellent source of renewable energy. Tides and currents are predictable in space and time so ideal for tidal energy. Coastal areas with strong currents are also popular with marine mammals often providing good feeding opportunities. However little is known about how marine mammals will be affected by the presence of tidal energy developments in their habitats and because marine mammals are dependent of sound to feed and navigate the impacts of introduced sound are of particular concern.
Lactating dairy cows have extensive embryonic loss, but the mechanisms that lead to this failure to maintain pregnancy are not clearly understood. It is suggested that high-producing dairy cows are marginally deficient in nutrients such as Vitamin B complex molecules, selenium etc., which are positively associated with health and reproduction.
This research aims to understand athlete recovery and training adaptation by monitoring athlete fatigue. The research will have a direct impact on multiple podium-performances in both Summer and Winter Olympic and Paralympic athletes since knowing how fatigue is present in athletes can help to improve training prescription; specific training prescribed during varying periods of fatigue and recovery can maximize the training response and likely improve performance.
Chronic kidney disease is a growing problem in Canada and worldwide and is associated with obesity, diabetes and vascular disease. Current therapies only treat symptoms of CKD and have no impact on inflammatory and fibrotic process that underlie the progression of the disease toward hemodialysis, kidney transplantation, or death.
Knight Inlet Lodge is an eco-tourism resort specializing in grizzly bear viewing, and caters to both national and
international clients. The business requires research to improve their interpretive program by informing guide
naturalists on the function of observed bear behaviour. Research is required to: 1) assess the relatedness and
movements patterns of regularly observed bears, 2) assess the use of bear scent marking trees in the surrounding
estuary, 3) assess how local food availability (salmon) affects the social behaviour of bears.
Anesthesia is delivered to patients in vapour form, supplied via Mechanical ventilation in closed loop anesthesia circuit. This necessitates the removal of the carbon dioxide (CO2) produced during respiration. Currently, anesthesia circuits use granulate-based CO2 absorbents that react with CO2 to remove it from the gas stream. However, anesthetic vapours also react with the chemical absorber producing toxic bi-products that have been connected to negative patient outcomes. DMF Medical Inc. has developed an early stage prototype device that provides an alternative method for CO2 removal.
The Bicknells thrush (Cathurs bicknelli) is a rare songbird with the most restrictive breeding range in North America. The Bicknells thrush spends its summer months breeding in high elevation, stunted growth forests a habitat that the species specializes in. In New Brunswick, there has been a documented population decline of 11.5% per year since 2001. After having identified specific geographic areas where Bicknells thrush present, this project proposes using radio-tracking to describe individuals breeding home ranges and extrapolate population size and densities.
Traumatic events such as work related accidents, injuries or assault may result in the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This condition is associated with sleep disruption, nightmares, anxiety, and avoidance of the environment where the traumatic event occurred. Significant proportions of patients diagnosed with PTSD are disabled from working; however, little is known regarding which treatments are most effective for improving functional recovery. Existing research mainly focuses on the effect of treatment for reducing symptoms, and looks at treatments in isolation (e.g.
An increasing number of consumers favor minimally processed products from natural ingredients for reducing the intake of chemical additives from food products. One of the major problem for the food industry is the lack of natural additives. The main objective for this research is to develop and optimize natural, safe, effective and affordable antimicrobial additives or formulations for the food industry.