Powered Hip Prosthesis

People with an amputation at the hip or pelvis have the most difficulty returning to walking because their artificial limb (prosthesis) must replace the hip, knee, and ankle joints. Current prosthetic hip technologies barely meet the person's needs, leaving these amputees with few options. This project will build from current powered prosthetic knee technology (Össur POWER KNEE) to create a new level of prosthetic technology that powers both the hip and knee.

Adsorbent screening for CO2, N2, and O2 for Landfill Gas separation by Adsorption

The proposed project would seek to develop a technology and identify adsorbents that are better able to remove impurities such as carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen (N2), and oxygen (O2) from biogas (mostly CH4, also referred to as natural gas) produced from landfills, using adsorption technology. Interns will be carrying out adsorbent screening, by determining kinetics and binary and multi-component adsorption behaviour. Promising adsorbents will then be selected and tested under cyclic conditions to determine their life cycle.

Topology and handover management scheme for satellite networks toenable seamless terrestrial and satellite networks integration

In the near future, a large quantity of satellites will be used to provide Internet and communication services everywhere on Earth. Most of these satellites will be moving at very high speeds on orbits close to Earth which implies the satellites will be moving relative to a user on the ground. As a result, the links between the ground and the satellite will experience frequent disconnections; a user will be disconnected from a satellite rapidly moving out of sight and the connection will be re-established with another satellite coming into view.

Alloy and process optimization for improved mechanical properties in age-hardenable and work-hardenable Al sheet manufactured via a new production process termed thin strip casting, TSC

Conventionally, structural Al sheets are produced via casting thick ingots using Direct Chill (DC) technique, followed by an energy-intensive reduction procedure to the final thickness. A new production process developed by CASTechnology, termed Thin Strip Casting (TSC) technique, can directly output thin sheets, thus reducing the cost as well as the carbon foot print associated with the sheet production. The fundamental differences in the TSC vs.

Design and implementation of plasmonic-enhanced ultra-high frequency terahertz transmitters and receivers

Terahertz spectroscopy for material imaging/sensing and characterization has received a great deal of attention over the past decade. Terahertz (THz) electromagnetic waves have frequencies in the range of 1012 Hz. Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging has many applications ranging from security, communication, food production, quality control for pharmaceutical industries, and cancer diagnosis. In the heart of every terahertz spectroscopy imaging system, there is terahertz transmitter and receiver pair antennas.

Production of renewable fuels from biomass pyrolysis using a dual spinning-disc reactor

Biomass is a key feedstock for the production of renewable fuels and chemicals with potential zero carbon emissions and at low cost. State of the art conversion of biomass to bio-fuels focuses on the pyrolysis of the feedstock at high temperature in conventional reactors. However, current technologies face many challenges to achieve lower costs than fossil fuels, higher yields, improved energy efficiency and product quality. This project aims to evaluate the production of renewable fuels from biomass using a dual spinning-disc reactor.

Bioorthogonal spin labeling approaches for high sensitivity electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy

In order to investigate proteins in their natural environment one can attach tiny reporter molecules to them that can be traced with appropriate instruments. However, these small reporter molecules may often cause strong perturbations to the functionality of the proteins, or cannot be seen due to experimental restrictions like low concentrations. Bioorthogonal chemistry aims to eliminate such experimental restrictions by using as inert molecules as possible to see how proteins really work.

Therapeutic Strategies for Restoring Palmitoylation and Autophagy in Neurodegeneration

The cellular clearance pathway autophagy is required for degrading toxic proteins and damaged organelles, but is disrupted in many neurodegenerative diseases. During induction many autophagy regulators quickly localise to membranes from the cytosol. The Martin lab has identified palmitoylation, which involves the addition of the fatty acid palmitate to cysteine residues, as a potential regulator to direct autophagy proteins to membranes.

High temperature wear of sand cast and die cast Al and Mg alloys for continuously variable transmission (CVT) and other applications

The project will determine sliding wear behaviour of lightweight Al and Mg alloys for the continuously variable transmission (CVT) bore application and other engine applications. High temperature lubricated wear tests that simulate the actual operating conditions of CVT bore will be carried out. In addition, tests will be conducted at room temperature and under the dry conditions to benchmark wear resistances of different cast alloys and determine the wear mechanisms.

Comprehensive Study on Dielectric Properties of Rat Brain Tissue Following an Ischemic Stroke at 0.5-10 GHz.

Stroke happens when a blood vessel in the brain, is blocked by a clot (ischemic stroke) or bleed due to a vessel rupture (hemorrhagic stroke). The dielectric properties of healthy brain tissue are different from the one that is affected by stroke. In this study, these properties are measured in rat’s brain by an electromagnetic probe at frequency range 0.5-10 GHz. Subsequently, the changes are related to the type and level of brain injuries.

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