Enabling liquid and solid repellency for personal protective ensembles

This project will investigate how to add waterproof, oil-proof, and contaminant-proof properties to soldier protective clothing (ballistic armour vests). Four interns will develop methods for attaching a repellent coating to the fabrics that the Canadian Armed Forces wears. The interns will work with PRE Labs Inc., an armour company in Kelowna, BC. Together, the interns and PRE Labs will figure out to bond the coating to the fabrics, and just how effective the coating is when placed on a fabric. This will involve characterizing the treated fabric for its liquid and contaminant repellency.

Design, fabrication and production of high aspect ratio diamond AFM probes

Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) is one of the most widely used imaging tools by the researchers and industries to view and characterize tiny objects. This tool uses a very tiny and sharp probe to scan or feel the surface of the specimens and then it produces a topography image of the scanned surfaces. Since the probe is in a direct contact with these surfaces it wears off and becomes dull frequently.

Nanostructured anti-reflective glass for lenses, electronic displays, and photovoltaics

Inspired by patterns in the eye of the moth, nanostructures can be created on the surface of glass, allowing all light to transmit through the glass without any interference. Applied on lenses, low light photography is enhanced. Applied on electronic displays, the technology enables sunlight readable screens. Applied on photovoltaics, more light enters the solar panels, enhancing energy conversion.

A nanoscale electrochemical sensor for measuring changes in blood-glucose levels

The proposed work main goal is to improve the overall human health quality through providing an online monitoring device acting as a data platform that represents a gateway to simple solutions that allow consumers and patients to better manage their health and disease risk. The broader mission includes leveraging the data platform to improve diagnostics
The technology is to be inserted in the human body under the skin layers without the need of any advance operational procedures.

Synthesis of diamond and diamond-like films

This project is geared towards the development of a cost-effective method to fabricate thin films of carbon materials, such as diamond. The idea is to use solution-based methods coupled to electrochemistry to produce the films. Avenues for the deposition of the film on surfaces of arbitrary shapes will also be explored.

Development of Chitin Nano-whiskers Epoxy Nanocomposites for High Mechanical Performance and Structural Applications

Chitin is a vastly available resource in the form of waste from the fishing industry in Canada and worldwide. BOCO Bio-Nanotechnologies has currently the infrastructure in place for scalable extraction of CNWs (Chitin nano-whiskers) from crab shells. CNWs are crystalline regions of chitin, possessing high strength, stiffness and aspect ratio, making them ideal for reinforcement of polymer matrices. A significant market opportunity for BOCO is to incorporate CNWs in epoxy matrices to develop epoxy nanocomposite resins with high fracture toughness and mechanical properties.

Investigation of mechanical and electrical properties of polymeric nanocomposites under erosion

In the upstream pipelines, the application of the internal pipeline coatings with specialized polymer has been utilized to protect pipeline from corrosion and abrasive wears. The coatings are rearranged or re-lined when the coating wears out. However, there is no direct and continuous monitoring for the integrity of internal pipeline coatings. Thus the rearrangement or re-lining of the coating is performed pre-emptively before fully utilizing the coating. It is required to develop a novel technique, not only for the efficiency but also to prevent pipeline leakage.

Investigation of New Gelation Agents

This project involves the synthesis, characterization and evaluation of new low-molecular weight gelators for cleaning up oil spills. First responders to oil spills can add these gelators to the oil / water mixture to prevent spreading of the oil before additional resources are available to clean up the spill. This project will involve collaboration with BCResearch, a company located in the Lower Mainland of BC.

Development of a new conductive carbon ink for printed sensors for smart diapers

Urinary incontinence has been always a tedious and a distressing health problem, especially for elderly people in nursing home residents. To address this issue, an effective management system is highly required to enhance the quality care, prevent health issues, and reduce labor costs. This project is focusing to develop a flexible and wearable sensor based on carbon nanomaterials. The final product, in addition to the sensor, consists Wi-FI module and app.

Remediation of Contaminated Soil and Groundwater using Nanotechnologies - Year two

Contamination in soil and groundwater tends to be overlooked since their adverse impact does not appear exteriorly and instantaneously. However, the contaminants could potentially cause adverse impact on vegetation and human health by migrating off the contaminated site through groundwater flow, and also influence climate change through cycling of elements. Recently, demand for remediation of contaminated soil and groundwater has been raised due to increasing public awareness about environmental problems.