Gut Microbiota Composition and Behaviour in Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)

This study will investigate the links between dog behaviour and gut microbiome content in dogs living in St John’s and surrounding areas. The temperament of each dog will be assessed using an online behavioural questionnaire, and additional information will be collected about the dog’s lifestyle, diet and medical history. The intern will take fecal samples from dogs of a range of personality types (including anxious and aggressive) to assess the bacterial content of the gut through DNA analysis.

Toxic Disinformation: Credibility Attacks Against Journalists

Journalists around the world face attacks on their reputations and efforts to undermine the impact of their work. These “credibility attacks" can take the form of false allegations, insults about their character or professionalism, or denigration of their social identity. They often take place online, and in some cases involve disinformation tactics such as doctored images and accusations spread by actors using fake identities.

Addressing the Human Rights Impacts of Environmental Degradation and Climate Change on Women and Girls: An Intergenerational and Indigenous Approach to Environmental Justice

This project examines human rights impacts of natural resource development in Western Canada from the perspective of women and girls, especially Indigenous women and girls. The research will identify gaps between Canada's relevant international human rights and environmental agreements, domestic law, policies and practises, and the lived realities of women and girls.

Identifying Service Quality Considerations and Market Forces in the Mobile Auto Repair Business

Humankind has always been creative in evolving and adapting to a convenient and comfortable lifestyle. One of the common problems most of us face is vehicle maintenance. This service overlaps with work schedules and requires pick-up and drop arrangements. Our company proposes Mobile Auto Repair that provides customers with their vehicle maintenance performed at their preferred location and time by the certified mechanics. This project will aim to identify barriers that mobile auto repair businesses face while launching in Canada.

Nurturing Good Beginnings: Evaluating and Assessing the YWCA’s community care program for new mothers/birthing parents

The YWCA aims to evaluate, through partnership with McMaster University, the impact of Good Beginnings, a program providing support for mothers/birthing parents who are vulnerable, precarious, and at-risk for postpartum depression. The program provides service for approximately 70 postpartum people and their babies annually, for a total of 500 people since 2014. During these six years, the YWCA has collected entrance, mid, and exit data from program participants.

Investigating the role of bacteria in abdominal pain and chronic constipation.

The bacteria living in our gastrointestinal system, the gut microbiome, play a key role in human health and disease. Multiple studies demonstrated altered gut microbiome in patients with constipation or abdominal pain but knowledge of a clear cause-effect relationship or underlying mechanism are lacking. We found previously that microbiota from patients with irritable bowel syndrome induces altered gut function, low-grade inflammation and abdominal pain.

Are playgrounds really for everyone? Disabled children’s experiences at playgrounds designed for inclusion

negative attitudes toward disability. To address the exclusion that disabled children and their families often experience on playgrounds, inclusive playground initiatives have become increasingly common, promising accessibility, fun, and belonging for kids and families. Despite the advancement in inclusive playground design, there is recent research evidence to suggest that disabled children and their families continue to face mistreatment and exclusion at playgrounds.

Understanding in/exclusion in health and wellness programming across minoritized differences: A collaboration with the YWCA Hamilton

The YWCA Hamilton advocates for the improved status of individuals experiencing oppression; however, they have noticed high drop-out rates in their health and wellness programming. This collaborative study aims to unpack the relationship between health and/or wellness, physical activity participation, and inclusion/exclusion. Specifically, we seek to understand, strengthen, and build up the facets of physical activity participation that make them inclusive for marginalized/minoritized differences across age, disability, body size, gender, income, race, and/or sexuality.

Developing species-habitat conservation models for priority, wetland-dependent birds in Eastern Canada

Wetland-dependent birds, notably waterfowl, are prominent features of the conservation landscape in Eastern Canada, Ducks and geese in particular denote seasonality through their spectacular migrations, are key harvested species in many regions, and are often visible to connect the public with the sense of “wild”. However, populations of most of these species in Eastern Canada remain below targets set under the North American Waterfowl Conservation Plan, which may be due in part to threats or changes to breeding habitats.

A Story-Based Positive Youth Development Program For Young Hockey Players

Despite the numerous benefits of participating in child and youth sport, they not guaranteed. Purposeful efforts must be made to ensure that sport offerings are age appropriate, promote engagement and enjoyment, and involve quality social relationships. This project represents a partnership with the objective of finalizing and delivering a story-based positive youth development (PYD) program—The 1616 Program—for young hockey players (10 years of age) in North America.

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