Reducing Debt Sentences: Evaluating the Use of Human Rights Discourse by the Canadian Federation of Students in Support of Universal Higher Education

As affordable post-secondary education is a growing problem in Canada, centralized student advocacy groups like the Canadian Federation of Students – Manitoba (CFS-MB) are working to advocate for universally accessible higher education to ensure every Canadian has the equal opportunity to pursue advanced studies.

Revitalizing Indigenous fire management and fire-resilient forests in northern British Columbia

There is a growing need for improved biophysical and social methods to manage wildfire risk in northern British Columbia (BC) as uncharacteristically large wildfires exceed government capacities for their control and suppression. My research approach weaves historical (tree rings and fire scars) and contemporary fire data (remote sensing) with Indigenous Ecological Knowledge (IEK) to map and validate historic fire activity in subboreal forests across northern BC.

Biological sources and the persistence of aerosols generated by variousdental procedures

Dental personnel are high risk professions in contracting and disseminating COVID-19 due to their transmits through respiratory droplets, dental personnel are at high risk of being exposed to the virus if an asymptomatic
patient comes to their clinic. However, limited studies have been performed on the characterization of aerosols generated during dental procedures, how far these aerosols may travel in the clinic, and if they accumulate during the day.

Marine Protected Areas and Economic Development in Nunavut

Nunavut’s Inuit organizers have identified conservation, including the establishment of parks and protected areas, as an important pillar of culturally appropriate and sustainable economic development in Northern Canada. This project responds to this goals of establishing a ‘conservation economy’ in Nunavut by examining the economic costs and benefits associated with Marine Protected Areas in Nunavut. Through document analysis, it will identify ways for Inuit communities to capture larger shares of the wealth generated by Marine Protected Areas.

Advancing Climate-Ready Fisheries in BC and Canada

Climate change is rearranging the distribution of ocean life and threatening the viability of world-wild fisheries that people depend on for food, income and well-being. While ample evidence shows the impacts of climate change on fisheries, British Columbia (BC) and Canada are lagging behind in developing the science and solutions needed to help west coast fisheries be more responsive and resilient.

Determining recreation and protection values of old growth forests on Vancouver Island

Old growth forests provide many values to society including recreation and the enjoyment of knowing these magnificent forests exist for wildlife and future generations. Ancient Forest Alliance has set out to better communicate the diverse values of intact old growth forests, so they are not undervalued and over-logged. To provide data that AFA needs, this study will survey Vancouver Island residents to determine the value they have for old growth protection and recreation in old growth forests.

Research into an Implementation Framework for National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (MMIWG) in NL

On June 3, 2019, the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (MMIWG) released its Final Report. Among its 231 recommendations, Calls for Justice 5.7 and 9.2(iii) urge the federal, provincial, and territorial governments to take specific steps to strengthen civilian oversight of police services by ensuring stronger Indigenous participation in police boards and other oversight authorities.
Frameworks for civilian oversight of police services exist in many Canadian and other common law jurisdictions.

Establishing the Enabling Conditions Required to Facilitate Indigenous-led Nature Based Greenhouse Gas Offset Projects in Canada

Canada is a signatory to global commitments to reduce greenhouse gas levels and one important way this will happen is through the implementation of nature-based solutions for climate change. One example of natural climate solutions is GHG offsets based on restoration, protection and establishment of forests, wetlands, grasslands and peatland areas. Indigenous Peoples are critical to the success of natural climate solutions.

Fin whales of the Gitga’at First Nation: Site fidelity, distribution, and abundance within a proposed shipping lane

A rare inland population of fin whale uses the remote Kitimat Fjord System (KFS) in northern British Columbia (in the marine territory of the Gitga’at First Nation). This is the only fjord system, both historically and currently, that this predominantly offshore species has used within Canadian waters. Fin whales returned to the KFS only recently, at the same time as industrial development planning accelerated for northern BC coast.

Exploring the Impacts of a Community-Based Post-Secondary Education Award

Canadian community foundations significantly support post-secondary institutions and students in their provision of merit and needs based awards and bursaries. Yet little is known about the impacts of these investments for students. The Edmonton Community Foundation has partnered with UAlberta (Community Service-Learning) and the Edmonton Social Planning Council (ESPC) to explore the impacts of a specific ECF Awards program for low-income and civically engaged students.