Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a lifelong disorder caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol that impairs cognitive, behavioural, social, and emotional development. It is the leading preventable developmental disability in Canada, impacting an estimated four percent of the general population, with higher rates among certain vulnerable groups. Newfoundland and Labrador has the highest rates of heavy drinking in Canada, which elevates the concern associated with this issue and the need for research into FASD in the province.
There are growing concerns over the cumulative hydrological effects of forest disturbance on hydrology in the Duteau Creek community watershed. The objectives of this proposed study are: 1) to calibrate and validate the hydrological model SWAT; 2) to assess the cumulative hydrological effects of proposed forest harvesting under future climate change impacts; and 3) to evaluate possible hydrological impacts of spatial arrangements (or patterns) of forest disturbance or harvesting.
The project explores the facilitators and barriers to the successful economic transitions of privately sponsored refugees resettled in rural areas of Nova Scotia since 2015. While acknowledging differences in pre-migration experiences, we seek to better understand 1) the post-migration factors shaping their economic transitions, such as gender, parental status, race, age and health; 2) how refugees’ transitions are informed by cultural, intercultural, economic, and social variables; and 3) how resettlement by private sponsors in rural settings influences refugees’ economic transitions.
HOB! is a community-based action research project with the aim of supporting visible minority newcomer women (VMNW) in starting entrepreneurial businesses. The research objectives of the project include identifying challenges and opportunities that VMNW face in the business environment of Canada. Moreover, this research will provide suggestions for improvement of employment and self-employment services for immigrant women.
The proposed research project will use a combination of Participatory Action Research and Indigenous Research Methods to create an online engagement tool to gather Michipicoten First Nation (MFN) member’s perspectives on draft planning strategies and policies regarding six priority areas. Engagement is a challenge for MFN as a displaced and widely dispersed community, challenges which are heightened by the COVID-19 pandemic. Online engagement is an important tool for reaching Michipicoten citizens on- and off-reserve, particularly during the pandemic.
In partnership with the First Nations Fisheries Legacy Fund and their partner First Nations, Katzie, Kwantlen, Kwikwetlem, Musqueam, Tsleil-Waututh, and Tsawwassen, the proposed interns aim to develop a framework of aquatic health indicators that are identified and shaped by cultural values and priorities laid out by the involved First Nations in the Lower Fraser River Region.
The development and advancement of web mapping technologies is opening the doors to new mapping platforms that are accessible, interactive and engaging. In a conservation and resource co-management setting, there is a large potential for these web mapping platforms to be used to empower local communities by supporting local monitoring, planning and management decisions. However, there remains a disconnect between these technological advances and their capacity to address community needs and promote meaningful co-management.
Many rural regions do not have a sufficient labour force providing the skills that rural businesses need. Many job vacancies go unfilled or are filled by less than ideal candidates. This research looks at strategies to attract and retain the workers that Ontario rural communities need to generate economic development and vitality. By engaging local actors, the researcher will analyze the various dimensions influencing attraction and retention of an appropriate labour force such as affordable and attainable housing, transportation, access to health services, education/training services.
This project will investigate the impacts of historical land use on Langley Bog to better understand how these unique ecosystems are affected by cranberry farming and fill roads. Bogs require a high water table and high acidity to maintain conditions suitable for bog-specific vegetation to grow. To determine whether the site is moving away from bog habitat, water levels, water quality, and vegetation will be monitored for four months across twelve different locations using a series of ground wells.
In southern Canada, wolverines share their natural habitat with humans. Forestry, for example, alters local ecosystems and leaves behind road networks that give access to people, also including recreationalists. Finally, many valley bottoms contain human infrastructure. This research project examines if wolverine numbers are impacted more by human or natural factors, determines if population connectivity is interrupted by human infrastructure and asks if those patterns are different for reproductive females.