Data Ethics & Privacy by Design: Unlocking Health Innovation

Healthcare innovation is a major focus across Canada and the globe. It can be defined as, “activities that generate value in terms of quality and safety of care, administrative efficiency, the patient experience, and patient outcomes. Efforts are underway to transform health care by leveraging technology and data so that Canadian provinces and territories promote efficient use of limited resources and blaze the trail for new medical treatments and services.

Development of an Al-controlled closed-loop neuromodulation system form chronic conditions

The treatment of chronic conditions accounted for 58% of the annual healthcare spend in Canada in 2012, primarily through the use of pharmaceuticals. However, these are generally best suited to treat acute diseases, as with chronic use, side effects can accumulate over time while therapeutic effects diminish. Neuromodulation of the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) represents a promising and adaptable treatment alternative to pharmaceuticals in many cases.

Development of an AI-controlled closed-loop neuromodulation system form chronic conditions

The treatment of chronic conditions accounted for 58% of the annual healthcare spend in Canada in 2012, primarily through the use of pharmaceuticals. However, these are generally best suited to treat acute diseases, as with chronic use, side effects can accumulate over time while therapeutic effects diminish. Neuromodulation of the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) represents a promising and adaptable treatment alternative to pharmaceuticals in many cases.

Design and Construction of a Low-Cost, High Step-Up, High Isolation AC/DC Converter

This work will develop a high voltage power supply that is lower cost than currently available systems and has the unique feature of being electrically isolated from the input, meaning that multiple supplies can be stacked to increase the output voltage. This work will be used for fusion research but may find many uses in other renewable systems.

BCCSA Silica Control Tool Gap Analysis

Inhalation of Respirable Crystalline Silica (RCS) generated during construction activities such as cutting or grinding can cause lung cancer and the irreversible lung disease. Exposure to RCS is common on construction sites because silica is a naturally occurring mineral that is present in many construction materials. The Silica Control Tool is a risk assessment tool that was developed by the BC Construction Safety Alliance and the University of British Columbia to assist construction employers to create exposure control plans for managing the health risks of RCS on construction worksites.

Eliminating weight stigma in prenatal health care: Development of sensitivity training modules for prenatal care providers

As obesity (body mass index [BMI] >=30.0kg/m2) increases, there is also an increased risk for experiencing weight stigma (WS). WS is defined as having negative attitudes towards individuals because of weight. WS experienced in health care settings may cause poor communication with physicians, and negative health outcomes. A population that may experience WS are pregnant women who have a BMI >=40.0kg/m2 (high level of obesity). To prevent WS during pregnancy, health care providers may need sensitivity training.

Efficient Deep Learning Methods that Only Require Few Labeled Data

In this postdoc, we plan to focus on computer vision tasks where existing deep learning methods require lots of labeled samples to work well. Acquiring labeled samples is time-consuming and often impractical. Thus, we investigate three different classes of methods to alleviate the label scarcity problem: active learning, weakly-supervised learning, and few-shot learning. In active learning, the goal is to label the most important samples to maximize the performance of the model while reducing labeling costs. In weakly supervised learning, the goal is to train models using weak labels.

Sources and sinks for potentially hazardous elements in mine waste

Mining is important to the Canadian economy but also generates large quantities of waste rock. Water percolating through some waste rock piles dissolves metals that can become hazardous to ecosystems. Laboratory tests are used to simulate this process. The intern will examine a suite of samples from a multi-year laboratory test to identify the source minerals and new minerals (sinks) that may have formed during the experiment. She will also work with the partner to determine the mineral reactions that occurred during the tests.

A novel water-based air filtration technology using cryogel biomaterials

We have a new technology at the Heart Valve Performance Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Okanagan Campus, which can be used for the new generation of the facial mask. This biomaterial which is highly hydrophilic will be utilized for the construction of a water-based air-filter mask because it is practically 99% water and 1% polymer, i.e., solid state water. Through the process of filtration, all small and large particles along with viruses and bacteria are trapped by the proposed mask and then can be properly disposed.

Guidance and Control of a Tandem-rotor Helicopter Landing on a Moving Platform

The development of autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) is a growing area of interest. An important step in the creation of a fully autonomous flying vehicle is the ability to precisely and smoothly land on a target. The goal of this research is to develop a UAV landing system that is able to track and land on a moving platform. The project will involve developing a guidance and control system that can plan a descent trajectory and track it down to the platform. The proposed system will be robust to strong wind gusts and still provide a smooth touchdown to avoid damage.

Pages