LIDAR urban scene infrastructure asset feature extraction

Canadian Communities are facing a tidal wave of physical infrastructure debt as their physical assets deteriorate due to age. This project aims to use urban LiDAR data ("streetscapes") and computer vision to identify key physical assets such as (signs, curbs, centerline roads, streetlights, and other features) by there location (latitude / longitude) and key physical characteristics (size (height, width, length, thickness) and other characteristics.

Human-Based Study to Characterize the Biomechanical, Physiological and Comfort Impact of Alternative Torso-Borne Loads and Load Distributions

Torso-borne protective clothing and load carrying equipment (ie. bulletproof vests) is fundamental to the safety of Canadian Armed Forces personnel. To make informed decisions on purchasing and developing new equipment, a suite of mannequin-based tools was developed by Defense Research and Development Canada. They are developing a female model to reflect the Canadian Armed Forces’ goal to increase diversity within its ranks, particularly with the representation of women. HumanSystems® Incorporated has been contracted to complete human testing to help validate the new tools.

Modeling the climatic impact of lakes in Tsay Keh Dene Nation and Carcross /Tagish First Nation territories of northwestern Canada

Lakes and reservoirs affect regional weather but their influence on the average environmental conditions in the remote, sparsely monitored, northwest of Canada has seldom been investigated. This study examines the climatic influences of lakes and reservoir impoundment on two First Nations territories in southern Yukon and northern British Columbia, using an atmospheric model alongside a lake model. Two 10-year meteorological simulations, corresponding to pre- and post-impoundment conditions, and for landscape with and without the lakes, respectively, will be used.

Modulating HMGB1 in COVID-19-associated inflammatory response

The project addresses urgent and clinically-relevant questions related to COVID-19, which causes in some patients life-threatening respiratory distress, septic shock and organ failures. Patients in intensive care units were found to have significantly higher levels of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) than patients with milder symptoms. HMGB1 is a protein normally found in the cell nucleus that is released outside the cell under inflammatory conditions such as viral infections.

CASI Platform, Environment pillar: Benchmarking the environmental and climate performance of Canadian Agriculture

By 2050, agri-food systems must produce enough to feed 9 to billion people, while reversing trends of environmental degradation caused in part by agriculture production. This is no small task, and underscores why countless sustainable agriculture standards, certifications, initiatives and platforms have emerged to encourage and measure the impacts of sustainable agriculture practices.

Optimising Reptile Conservation Interventions: Testing the Impacts and Efficiency of Commonly-used Methods to Improve Outcomes

Many Canadian reptile populations are declining and need help overcoming the challenges of the modern world. For this reason, numerous organisations and community groups have become involved in conservation actions, often intervening to safeguard eggs and hatchlings from the threats posed to these early life sages (e.g., predators, degraded habitat, roads and traffic). This project brings together experts in conservation actions with leading researchers in reptile biology to examine how we can improve the success of ‘incubation and release’ conservation interventions.

Assessment of Prototype Scour Data

As the adverse effects of climate change continue to mount in natural fluvial environments, the balance of river channel characteristics (e.g. ecosystem health and biodiversity, water quality, flow turbulence and riverbed geomorphology) becomes increasingly vulnerable. In fluvial environments, erosion and deposition of bed material can pose a significant risk to channel bank stability, riverbed degradation and stability of hydraulic structures. As a result, sediment-related processes in river channels are an area of significant interest to the hydraulic engineer.

Obfuscation and Homomorphic Encryption in the Quantum Setting

Our research goals, which are a mix of theoretical and practical problems, are motivated by the practical near-term problem of delegating tasks to an untrusted remote quantum computer in a secure way. Toward this, we consider the notions of indistinguishability obfuscation for quantum circuits and quantum fully homomorphic encryption schemes. The former refers to algorithms that take a given quantum circuit and make it less intelligible, such that the new circuit still gives the same outputs as the original one.

Investigation of the liquefaction potential for variably unsaturated tailings

As base and precious metals and natural resources for energy are extracted, mining operators construct tailings dams above ground to hold the liquid or “slurried” waste generated from mining activities. Several high-profile dam failures, including Mount Polley in Canada, highlight the potential risks of tailings dams to human life and the environment. The proposed research is a concentrated effort to develop a practical tool to measure saturation of tailings in situ and to understand the field and lab performance of partly saturated tailings regarding cyclic and static liquefaction.

Design of High-performance LDPC-based Forward Error Correction Codes for Fiber Optic Communications Systems

As time goes on, we observe a significant growth for the high-speed error-free communication systems. This requires that the optical networks, as the major carrier for data transmission, increase their capacity to meet the current needs of the telecommunication industry. Forward error-correcting (FEC) codes, as the most effective solution to enhance the quality and reliability of data transmission, have been adopted in optical communication systems.