Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality internationally. Current CVD diagnostics are limited to basic tools that provide a generalized number without quantitative indication of overall health, such as blood pressure, or lifestyle risk scores. More invasive diagnostic imaging can be done, but at great cost to the healthcare system. We have developed a basic optical device capable of non-invasively studying the cardiac pulse-waveform, thus potentially allowing for direct measures of cardiovascular risk and health.
The proposed research project is to design a microfluidic contact lens that will be used to track the fluctuations in intraocular pressure. Intraocular pressure is the primary factor to monitor the progression of glaucoma, which is a chronic disease that leads to permanent vision loss and currently has no cure, making early and frequent testing essential. By utilizing microfluidic channels embedded into a soft contact lens, the changes in corneal curvature can be captured and the intraocular pressure can be determined, as it is directly proportional.
Whisky is made by a process of fermentation, distillation, and maturation. The last step is by far the most time-consuming part of this process. In order for maturation to occur, the distilled spirit must sit in a wooden barrel for years, during which the spirit takes on the familiar colour and taste of whisky. This inefficient process is an antiquated approach to creating this beloved class of beverage.
Median sternotomy is the standard approach in heart surgery. Over 1.5M operations are performed worldwide annually; 45K in Canada. Wires are used post-operatively to close the sterna, leading to instability, micro-motion and pain. Alternative techniques lack effectiveness or are cost prohibitive. Glass polyalkenoate cements (GPCs) are used in restorative dentistry, orthodontics and ear, nose and throat surgeries.
The Canadian healthcare system is not yet prepared to access and leverage IoT (Internet of Things) data to support clinical decision making outside of hospital settings (Nguyen et al., 2017). With advances in low-cost IoT technology, it is now possible to meaningfully incorporate a variety of sensors into our homes and communities, leading to the implementation of Smart Homes (Risteska Stojkoska & Trivodaliev, 2017) and Smart Communities to support healthy living (Bencardino & Greco, 2014; De Filippi et al., 2019).
The proposed project involves the development of a microgrid energy management system (or microgrid control unit – MCU) to synchronize the actions of devices such as batteries, solar panels, and other generators to achieve increased energy savings. The MCU will allow all devices to interact and exchange information seamlessly, in a “plug and play” fashion.
The proposed Mitacs E-Accelerate project aims to develop the application of 3D-printing technique, and facilitate the transformation from conventional fabrication methods to newly developed additive manufacturing technologies for Canadian industrial sectors. One of the main barriers that prevents the wide-spread utilization of 3D-printing technique is the uncertainties in the resultant performance of the as-printed parts. Therefore, this project will focus on the better understanding of the resultant microstructural features and mechanical properties of the 3D-printed metallic components.
Most Canadians live in the urban regions, and most Canadian cities receive snow every year. For instance, Montreal receives about 2.3 meter of snow every year. This snow accommodates various human-made pollutants in cities and accumulates over long Canadian winter. This application to support an intern which will be involved in a collaborative project with PO-labs within PRIMA Quebec aiming to build upon the new innovation at McGill using clay minerals. We intend to use these traps to remove pollutants in snow.
The ability to find fault in engine systems and proactively monitor their progression to remedy the root-cause before it fails is of paramount importance in today's industry safety. An effecting change in current engine monitoring methods will require insight and understanding of the level of robustness and engineering rigour required to maintain safety and airworthiness standards. A model-based fault detection method compares the engine's output data to that of a model running simultaneously.
Throughout Western North America with few exceptions all species of Pacific Salmon stocks have been in steady decline for over 50 years. On the West Coast of Vancouver Island, Chinook salmon stocks are of particular concern. These fish provide ecological, cultural and economic value to the region and current numbers are at an all-time low.