Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent yet underdiagnosed health problem. Assessment of OSA is currently based on sleep studies that are time-consuming and expensive. This proposal presents three research projects/points to apply machine learning techniques and statistical tests on tracheal breathing sounds (TBS) signals for OSA screening.
The popularity of sour beers is continuously increasing. Producing sour beers is time consuming and obtaining a consistent flavor profile over multiple batches can be challenging. This in addition to scaling up production to meet customer demands can negatively influence the quality and flavor of the beer. This project aims to develop advanced analytical techniques to help understand the relationship between chemical composition and flavor.
Lynn Creek poses flood and erosion risks in North Vancouver, BC. The surrounding urban areas are not protected by structural flood protection measures, and flood mitigation has historically been conducted through gravel removals, which increase the depth of the channel. Recent analysis has shown that gravel removals are relatively ineffective at reducing the flood risk, which will continue to increase alongside climate change. In addition, Lynn Creek is a fish-bearing watercourse and gravel removals pose potential impacts to habitat.
Antimicrobial resistance is a recognized and growing problem in equine medicine. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have recently been shown to have antimicrobial properties. We are interested in exploring if equine MSCs can reduce bacterial growth in vitro and to understand the cellular mechanisms governing such an effect.
Biodiversity loss is a major concern worldwide. Alberta’s has abundant natural resources; however, developing these natural resources can impact species, including mammal species and those valued by the public. Understanding the impacts of disturbance on populations of mammals is necessary in order to inform environmental management.
The project will consist of taking an out of the box artificial intelligence technology solution. The research will involve researching its deficiencies and improving on them by creating a proprietary solution to maximized its efficiency and ability to mimic human interaction. In this particular case, the way that IBM Watson discovery collects information from the websites it searches is very time consuming. The student will be looking to build a technology that sources information from specific websites in great detail, but quickly so that the response time has little to no lag.
Global demand for natural resources is resulting in unprecedented landscape change. In northeastern Alberta, woodland caribou persistence is threatened by habitat loss associated with natural resource extraction, and increased predaiion by grey wolves as a result, due to their ability to capitalize upon landscape disturbance via increased movement on linear features. Wolf control via culling is a common wildlife management strategy to conserve woodland caribou.
Overactive bladder (OAB) is an incurable, chronic medical condition that is characterized by symptoms of urgency, frequency, nocturia and urinary incontinence. It affects approximately 18% of adults and over 30% of the elderly population. Saphenous nerve stimulation is a novel therapy aimed at treating OAB patients. It offers an alternative to bladder medication, which can have severe side effects such as dry mouth, cognitive impairments and hypertension. And, unlike sacral nerve stimulation, this novel treatment can be delivered to patients in a non-invasive manner.
This project involves adapting and delivering a health literacy program for immigrants living in rural British Columbia. The goal of this program is to build confidence and knowledge about health care. Participants learn about the health care system and how to access health services in their community. After attending, participants will report feeling confident in their abilities to navigate the health care system. A second outcome will be the addition of this program to the regular community programming so future newcomers to the community will have a chance to learn about health care.
Water Rangers uses citizen science to acquire baseline data for water bodies across Canada by giving and selling testkits to volunteers across Canada. This project will explore who is most likely to take part in water testing, what engagement strategies reduce dropout rates, and how testing water increase environmental concern by changing values and people’s connection with nature. Using a mixed method approach involving surveys and interview questions, 275 participants will be recruited. They will receive a free tiny testkit, a subsidized mini testkit or borrow a large testkit.