Hydrogen Fuel Cell technology is actively pursued as a viable, sustainable and long-term solution for resolving transportation-related emission issues on a global scale. While Canada has a strong presence in this technology space in various parts of the world such as Europe, the USA, and China, hydrogen technology integration at the transit level is still not a reality in this country.
The recent legalization of cannabis in Canada offers a unique opportunity to conduct fundamental research without the bureaucracy issues faced in other countries. The current state of cannabinoid-based therapies have focused their use in the treatment of cancer, pain, inflammation and opioid addiction, and suffer from unwanted side effects and lack of efficacy. Furthermore, the current opioid epidemic and the lack of better pain management strategies highlight the urgency for long-term solutions for chronic pain management.
Mobility is an essential component of routine life for everyone. Walking and biking are two major transportation modes that help residents meet most or all of their daily needs. However, several mobility-related challenges occur as a result of weak maintenance of urban infrastructure such as sidewalks, bike lanes, and trails, which can decrease the safety of residents and may lead them to opt for vehicle-based transportation instead. One of the main reasons behind poor infrastructure maintenance is inefficiency of traditional inspection methods.
The food services industry is ripe for a technological revolution. Challenging labor conditions such as rising minimum wage, high employee turnover, and scarcity of skills among other things makes it increasingly difficult for restaurants to be profitable and scale their business effectively. Delivering a quality product in a consistent manner with today's low-pay low-skilled workforce is difficult at best; and the hallmark of success in the food services industry is quality and consistency. Furthermore, there are sanitation risks in the interaction of workers and the food they prepare.
Persistent pain is pain that is prolonged beyond normal healing time, usually defined as three months. Approximately one in five Canadians suffer from persistent pain conditions such as low back pain, osteoarthritis and fibromyalgia. These conditions account for $43-60 billion in healthcare costs. Prescribed exercise has been shown to decrease pain while increasing function and quality of life, however over half of patients with persistent pain do not adhere to the exercises they have been prescribed.
This project proposes a survey directed at transit agencies in Canada that have operated, operating, or planning to operate flexible transit, with special emphasis placed on app-based on-demand transit services. Personal interviews will be conducted with key personnel at the transit agencies, likely using phone communication. The results of the survey along with a more comprehensive review of industry reports will be summarized to highlight the key practices of flexible transit in Canada.
Robust perception in all weather conditions is a critical requirement for autonomous vehicles. This project proposes fusing gated and conventional RGB camera images for robust scenes encoding, depth estimation and trajectory prediction. Conventional approaches using lidar and RGB camera fail to perform robustly in rain, fog and snow. By extending existing computer vision algorithms to Gated-RGB camera pair the fusion algorithms developed will utilize features that are robust in one sensor modality but not the other.
Indoor environmental quality in schools is one of the major issues that should be considered. Indoor air quality (freshness and cleanness of air inside the building) and thermal comfort (the comfortable condition when no one is feeling either too hot or too cold) in schools can have significant impact on children’s health, learning and productivity. The purpose of this research is to evaluate indoor environmental quality (indoor air quality, thermal comfort, lighting, and acoustics) in First Nation School.
Nutraceuticals are being used ubiquitously, but seldom undergo rigorous testing. This study is focused on two primary aspects of studying natural health products, specific cannabis and its oils. The first objective is to determine the shelf life (product stability) by performing a series of tests to accelerate the ageing process in order to provide an estimation of shelf life. Currently, cannabis oils have arbitrary assignments of expiry dates, if at all. The other key focus involves studying the antioxidant benefits (or pro-oxidant detriment) imparted by cannabis products.