Ultraviolet-C (UV) light is able to damage cells and organic matter to make water, air, and high touch surfaces safe for the public. UV-C lamps render microorganisms harmless by damaging their cell structure and DNA. UV-C based water treatment has safely been used for decades by water utilities around the world. Recent developments in technology and research have allowed for an even wide application to clean surfaces, air, and water using UV light.
To date, there is a growing attention to the use of plant-food bioactives in disease prevention. Anthocyanin, a colorful plant pigment extracted from purple and blue color fruits and vegetables has been investigated broadly for its cancer preventive and immunity boosting properties. However, anthocyanin degrade during the conventional food processing conditions such as exposure to high temperature and light. Moreover, the benefits of anthocyanin could reduce due to gastric acid and gut enzymes.
Antibiotic therapy has been the primary approach for strep throat. Although various antibiotics, including penicillin, are effective, bacteriologic, and clinical treatment failures have been reported. Patients are more concerned about soothing the pain during the infection, and green/natural drug therapy with less or no adverse side effects are becoming popular. From preliminary studies and literature, carvacrol has been identified as a potential candidate for antibiotic therapy alternatives.
Newly developed additive manufacturing (AM) techniques, also known as 3D-printing, are able to fabricate complex geometry components at a relatively high deposition rate, the lowest possible number of production cycles, and minimum materials waste in contrast with the conventional subtractive fabrication techniques. By drastic reduction in the fabrication time and production steps, minimizing the on-hold inventory, additive manufacturing technologies have the potential to revolutionize the industrial manufacturing sectors.
Attention is an important part of everyday functioning. We use it to interact with the world around us and take in new information. ‘AttentionTrip’ is a sophisticated tool that allows clinicians and researchers to measure the different components of attention, while it feels like you are playing a videogame. With this tool, we can see how attention changes across age groups, and in the future how it may differ in clinical populations, like people with autism or ADHD. It also allows us to see if treatments being provided to people with attention-issues are actually working.
Lithium-ion batteries are increasingly being used to reduce fossil fuel use and emissions. Cold weather performance of Lithium-ion batteries is a limiting factor in outdoor applications. Mavio Technologies Inc. aspires to construct durable Canadian made Lithium-ion batteries packs that perform well in the adverse Canadian climate. This project plans to research the effect of using insulation to increase cold weather performance.
Broadcast radio is changing from an analog medium based on frequency modulation (FM) to a full digital broadcast based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). The high peak-to-average power ratio of the OFDM waveform requires different power amplifier topologies and a high degree of linearity. The research in this project analyzes current amplifier performance for digital radio broadcasting in the FM band, investigates new linearization techniques and explores new amplifier topologies.
In 2018 the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) approved Ocean Sound as an Essential Ocean Variable (EOV) within the Biology and Ecosystems Panel. This designation recognized that long-term monitoring of sound in the ocean will yield information on ecosystem health, climate change, and the effects of human activity on the environment. The bulk of the current ocean acoustic data collection is performed by archival recorders, supplemented by a small number of real-time gliders, buoys and cabled observatories.
Drinking water utilities must maintain water quality in the face of unexpected shocks to the system as well as planned upgrades with unintended consequences. Failure to do so can result in significant threats to public health: the city of Flint, Michigan, for instance, experienced a water quality crisis after making changes to source water chemistry and treatment processes without fully considering the consequences. It is vital, then, that water quality managers synthesize research, practical knowledge, and monitoring data to anticipate and address risks to water quality.
The purpose of this project to empower Atlantic Canadian Beef Producers to understand the unique success factors for beef production in the region and identify opportunities to improve their cost of production while mitigating environmental impacts based on the on-going work of the Beef Cattle Research Centre on the Canadian Cow-Calf Cost of Production (CDN COP Network). The project will implement by reviewing 12 Maritime focus group sessions, conducting interviews, synthesis of international competitors, and Atlantic Canada’s position.