Short-term hydropower optimization models are used on a daily basis to dispatch the available water for production between the turbines of the power plants that compose an hydropower system. Rio Tinto owns and operates power plants in the Saguenay Lac-St-Jean region of the province of Quebec and is currently lacking efficient tools to help the engineers in the daily decision making for the management of their hydropower system. The objective of this project is to develop tools to solve the short-term optimization model and therefore improve the water productivity of the hydropower system.
Wendlasida Ouedraogo is part of a research team at École Polytechnique de Montréal that is developing the next generation of computer vision software, which automates visual tasks, to help civil engineers and city planners get ahead of construction demand.
This project's overarching goal is to spur cooperative enterprises to move into the collaborative economy. Even though the "collaborative economy" shares many values with cooperative enterprises, too few of them have entered the pace in Quebec and Canada, but also globally. This paradox puzzles Quebec's cooperation and mutuality council (CQCM). They want to reverse this trend and help old and new cooperative companies to offer services linked to the collaborative economy platforms. In order to do so, the CQCM want to know why there is such a paradox, and how to act upon it.
This field research project is a continuation of an on-going multi-year action-research program, undertaken in a large Manufacturer of Industrial products in the Energy Sector. Like many Canadian corporations, faced with pervasive globalization, economic uncertainty, fierce competition and strict legislations, this Family-owned Company aims at revitalizing its product lines, entering new specialized market niches and upgrading the technological level of its offering through the introduction of Internet of things (IoT).
The aeronautic and aerospace industries are exploring new approached to reduce the mass of cables, bulky electronic systems. This rationally leads onto aircraft weight reduction as well as the amount of CO2 and greenhouse gas emitted by aircrafts. To reduce the mass of cables, power harvesting technique could be utilized. In this approach, the energy needed to power on electronic systems can be harvested from available and reliable sources such as vibration, passenger’s seat heat, data line idle states etc.
Liquefaction is a destructive phenomenon which usually takes place after an earthquake in areas with water-saturated soil or sand. During the liquefaction process, soil loses its strength and can no longer support structures and buildings which often leads to their destruction. To prevent damages associated with liquefaction, it is critical to study this phenomenon and understand its underlying mechanisms. One approach to study liquefaction is through computer simulation using the discrete element method.
Safe drinking water supply is a daily need but it can be seriously threatened by microbial hazards originating from fecal contamination of source water, especially following periods of intense rainfall. In order to assess drinking water intakes (DWIs) vulnerability to fecal pollution and to take cost-effective decisions in case of hazardous events, it is urgent to implement early-warning systems. A recent enzyme-based technology, ColiMinder® enables to measure E. coli in water at high temporal resolution (every 30 minutes).
Since the adoption of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) signed on January 1st 1994, the amount of truck freight moved between Canada, U.S. and Mexico has increased considerably. However, the transportation of goods has still have some gaps that need to be settled such as loss of merchandise and delay in delivery time. The reason of these gaps is due to the involvement of several participants in the transportation loop. The delivery of products from the manufacturers to the retailers is done through asset based carriers (55%) and owner operators (45%).
Planetary boundaries can be understood as limits for the Earth’s tolerance towards environmental impacts in the form of, for example, greenhouse gas emissions, water use and the release of nitrogen and phosphorous. This project aims at making planetary boundaries useful to the environmental management within companies. This will happen by developing a method that quantifies environmental impacts of a company in the language of planetary boundaries.