Bridging the Gap: A Research Evaluation of a High School to Post-Secondary Preparatory Program for At-Risk and Underrepresented Groups

Mathstronauts’ NEXUS Program is a 12-week program in which grade 11 and 12 students from underrepresented groups gain fundamental technical skills in the areas of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) and soft skills (time management, note taking, etc.) to support their transition into post-secondary education.

Nurturing Good Beginnings: Evaluating and Assessing the YWCA’s community care program for new mothers/birthing parents

The YWCA aims to evaluate, through partnership with McMaster University, the impact of Good Beginnings, a program providing support for mothers/birthing parents who are vulnerable, precarious, and at-risk for postpartum depression. The program provides service for approximately 70 postpartum people and their babies annually, for a total of 500 people since 2014. During these six years, the YWCA has collected entrance, mid, and exit data from program participants.

Investigating the role of bacteria in abdominal pain and chronic constipation.

The bacteria living in our gastrointestinal system, the gut microbiome, play a key role in human health and disease. Multiple studies demonstrated altered gut microbiome in patients with constipation or abdominal pain but knowledge of a clear cause-effect relationship or underlying mechanism are lacking. We found previously that microbiota from patients with irritable bowel syndrome induces altered gut function, low-grade inflammation and abdominal pain.

Additive Manufacturing of Functionally Graded Materials and Shape Memory Alloys with Biomedical Applications

Functionally graded materials (FGM) offer a better alternative than the conventional coating techniques since it eliminates the sudden change in composition between different materials. This project proposes to print FGM biomedical implants using a combination of titanium (Ti) powder and hydroxyapatite (HA) powder. Titanium will offer the required mechanical strength for load-bearing implants, while HA will enhance the biological properties of the implant surface to enhance bone cell attachment. The project will follow a comprehensive approach to cover the gaps in the literature.

Guidelines for Evaluating Service Programming for Autistic Adults: A Patient-Oriented Perspective on Service Evaluation using Functional Criteria

Currently there are few standards for evaluating service delivery, and since health care service delivery is a domain of the provinces, new health care services need to be tested and evaluated in each province before being widely offered. This leads to inefficiency in evaluations as well as unequal access to new services across the country. Also, the evaluations that are done are usually based on what the service delivery organization values about the programming rather than what the patient community served by the programming values.

Identifying subgroups of patients and predicting relapse in bipolar disorder: a prospective longitudinal study

Bipolar disorder affects 2.2% of Canadians and profoundly impacts their quality of life, functioning, and overall health. There is a major unmet need of understanding the illness course and knowing which patients will present a higher risk to develop worse outcomes. This knowledge is important to develop new preventative treatments.

Understanding in/exclusion in health and wellness programming across minoritized differences: A collaboration with the YWCA Hamilton

The YWCA Hamilton advocates for the improved status of individuals experiencing oppression; however, they have noticed high drop-out rates in their health and wellness programming. This collaborative study aims to unpack the relationship between health and/or wellness, physical activity participation, and inclusion/exclusion. Specifically, we seek to understand, strengthen, and build up the facets of physical activity participation that make them inclusive for marginalized/minoritized differences across age, disability, body size, gender, income, race, and/or sexuality.

Sensory Disinhibition, Cognitive Flexibility and the Neural Correlates Underlying Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): A Simultaneous EEG-fMRI Study

Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often struggle to relax, or simply be at ‘rest.’ In particular, recent research has revealed participants with PTSD show hyper-activity across the visual cortex while at rest. Referred to as sensory hyper-activity and disinhibition, altered resting-state patterns are thought to be underlying hypervigilance and re-living sensations clinically, as well as cognitive deficits, which may be produced when cognitive resources are overwhelmed by sensory hyper-activity.

A participatory approach to redeveloping coach and volunteer online training modules: A Special Olympics context - Year two

On-going coach and volunteer training are essential to providing high-quality, evidence-informed practices in sport settings. This study aims to extend Special Olympics Ontario and Special Olympics Canada's online training platform for coaches and volunteers by working with athletes with intellectual disabilities, current Special Olympics coaches, and families of Special Olympics athletes.

Evaluation of Machine Learning Methods for Portfolio Replication of VIX Futures

During the past two decades, the CBOE Volatility Index (VIX® Index), a key measure of investor sentiment and 30-day future volatility expectations, has generated much investor attention because of its unique and powerful features. The introduction of VIX futures in 2004, VIX options in 2006, and other volatility-related trading instruments provided traders and investors access to exchange-traded vehicles for taking long and short exposures to expected S&P 500 Index volatility for a particular time frame.

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