Metal nanoparticles are increasingly used in cosmetics, food packaging, textiles, toothpaste, and other ubiquitous products. Yet, their impact on our environment, food, and health is largely unknown because measuring nanoparticles in environmental and biological systems is very difficult. Similarly, measuring the uptake of metal-containing drugs by cells to develop smart therapeutics targeting tumors is also difficult because it requires analysis of numerous individual cells to assess the selectivity of the drug uptake by diseased cells versus healthy cells.
Youth living in social housing often face a number of challenges to success, including histories of intergenerational poverty, high rates of mental health and substance use issues, limited educational attainment, and weak or absent work histories. Secure employment is one approach to addressing key social determinants of health, including having a secure income, food security, access to needed supports, and social connections.
Motion capture technology that uses markers attached to the body and specialized cameras has been used for research on human motion, but has been limited to laboratories with expert users. New markerless motion capture technology removes these limitations by using standard video cameras and advanced artificial intelligence algorithms, allowing us to measure motion in real-life environments and of multiple people simultaneously.
Manganese (Mn) is a contaminant of emerging concern in drinking water as a growing body of epidemiological evidence has identified adverse cognitive, neurodevelopmental and behaviour effects in children. Canada has been a global leader in advancing the regulatory framework for Mn in drinking water, and in 2019, Health Canada published a new drinking water guideline. For the first time, Mn is now regulated on a health-basis (i.e. Alberta and Nova Scotia).
Brain tumors are the leading cause of childhood cancer-related deaths. Similar to adult brain tumors, pediatric brain tumors are classified based on histopathological evaluations. However, pediatric brain tumors are often histologically inconsistent with adult brain tumors. Recent research findings from molecular genetic analyses have revealed molecular and genetic changes in pediatric tumors that are necessary for appropriate classification to avoid misdiagnosis, the development of treatment modalities, and the clinical management of tumors.
This project aims to form a collaboration between Queen's University with AAVAA Inc. AAVAA is developing hearing aids with capability of attention detection decoding by recording and analyzing brain waves, which are recorded non-invasively through the skin around the ear and within the ear canal. One of the main components of this system contributing to recording electroencephalography signals (brain waves) is its electrodes.
COVID, remote work, remote learning and the accelerated adoption of technology globally has shifted the ways of how we live, learn, and our future lifestyles going forward. The 90% of society face challenges of how best to simplify their navigation and access to knowledge – those who may not have high value networks, and the means and resources to identify and access ways to upskill, reskill, or retrain to enter or re-enter the future workforce.
Geohazard risk assessments are performed when there is a known threat to humans, critical infrastructure, and the environment from natural hazards. In southwestern BC, these natural hazards include debris flows, debris floods, floods, and wildfires. These hazards are closely related to weather conditions, and with the effects of climate change, we may observe these hazards at higher frequencies and intensities.
Small modular reactors have been identified by the Canadian government as a "source of safe, clean, affordable energy [...] for Canada and Canadians". Several of these reactor concepts rely on molten salt heat exchange loops, rather than traditional water-based heat exchangers. A key issue is that molten-salt driven corrosion is much less understood. This is of prime importance for the three main industry partners the Canadian Nuclear Laboratories, Ontario Power Generation, and Global First Power which are involved in the design, planning and construction of Canada's small modular reactors.
Power system policies are broadly on track to escalate the use of Electric Vehicles (EV) in automotive industry. The increasing interest in use of EVs not only intensifies the demand in electric power but also introduces further challenges such as efficient and timely power distribution to EVs. Existing challenges in EV power charging relies on how fast and efficient EV chargers can provide power to EV power storage units, i.e batteries. In this regard, EV charging is the area that is significant and being improved daily as the number of EVs increases.