Blockchain and distributed ledger technologies provide networks a method to ensure trust in the network while not relying on a central authority, or even any individual node in the network. Moreover, these technologies enable secure transaction and recording keeping within the network by using distributed consensus to verify the actions of users and cryptographically linking blocks of transaction with one another.
Today almost 3 million people live in Toronto (almost 6 million in the Greater Toronto Area). As the city's population continues to grow, people are increasingly seeking connection to the natural landscape within the city limits. This project will illuminate and re-invigorate understanding and appreciation of the natural history of the area and the importance of connected waterways. It will inform future planning related to the connection between natural and engineered water resources in an urban environment.
COVID-19 first emerged in China in December 2019, resulting in one of the worst pandemics of the modern history. To this date (June 2020), about 6 million people have been diagnosed with COVID-19 and more than 360,000 people have lost their lives to this novel disease. The cleaning and disinfecting protocols developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) have proven to be highly efficient in breaking the chain of transmission of viral pandemic diseases.
Food waste is a multibillion-dollar problem in Canada and around the world. Some level of waste may be unavoidable, but large amounts of safe food are lost every year because of the arbitrary nature of measuring food spoilage. This is especially true at the wholesale and retail level for meat products. Food typically spoil in a highly predictable and reproducible way. Here, we will develop a device that will allow an untrained worker to quickly assess whether food is spoiled to allow a rational design about whether that product is fit for consumption or should be discarded.
Anaerobic Digesters are used in farm-based, municipal and industrial settings to convert wastes (manure and crop residues) as well as other feedstock material (fat, grease, oil and food wastes) to biogas. Produced digestate is rich in nutrients such as phosphate, nitrogen, (and other minor nutrients) and is mixed with water that makes the transportation costly and can’t be land applied due to excess of phosphate, nitrate and ammonia.
The proposed research project will enable a patient’s family doctor or specialist or emergency room doctor to quickly view the patients’ healthcare data most important to view to help the patient at that time. For example, before a doctor prescribes a drug, they can quickly make sure it will not cause problems for the patient when taken with the patient’s other prescriptions. An emergency room doctor can determine if an unconscious patient has any conditions, they should be aware of before treating the patient. For example, allergies to certain drugs or a recent procedure or operation.
This research project will investigate the sales skills that enable salesperson performance for the modern sales environment. This will help to improve recruiting practices for organizations and will enable organizations to better prepare their employees for sales-related positions, and better prepare the existing sales team by incorporating the findings of this study in their sales training.
Sanofi Pasteur has established a cutting-edge facility for the production of different types of vaccines in Toronto. This state-of-the-art facility is comprised of various complex mixing operations, which play significant role in the vaccine production. Currently, there is lack of sufficient information about the hydrodynamics of these mixing units for the process validation. In this project, computational fluid dynamics and tomography will be utilized to characterize and optimize the operations of mixing units. The CFD model will be validated using tomography data.
This research project aims to explore the experiences of public pool and spa staff in meeting the regulatory requirements for water parameter testing and understand user behaviours, needs, and attitudes towards pool and spa water testing equipment. Two groups of interest are Public Health Inspectors (PHIs) who are mandated to conduct inspections at public pools and spas and public pool and spa staff. The regulatory changes made in 2018 require pool and spa operators to test water chemistry parameters on a more frequent basis.
With schools closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many education outreach companies that offer in-class summer camps are having to pivot to virtual classes to adjust to the new normal. Their main challenge is how and where to spend their marketing budget efficiently to attract new students. They traditionally advertise locally such as in schools or communities which are not available to them now. Therefore, their advertising budgets are moving to digital marketing such as social media and search engines.