The role of automobility engagement in consumer response to fully automated vehicles

This project’s objective is to help improve knowledge regarding consumer perspectives of conventional car mobility and transport innovations in Canada, with particular focus on fully automated vehicles (FAVs), or vehicles that can drive themselves without requiring a driver to be paying attention. Innovations can alter the transport sector’s environmental sustainability – for example, electric vehicles are key in lowering greenhouse gas emissions, while FAV impacts are uncertain.

R&D to Design a Sustainable SolvoMetallurgical Process for Extraction and Recycling of Platinum Group Metals (PGMs)

The project will focus on a new branch of metallurgy, SolvoMetallurgy to apply green and bio-degradable solvents for selective extraction of Platinum Group Metals (PGMs). The research will provide industry with a solution for sustainable extraction and near zero environmental impact of PGM extraction from secondary and primary resources. The proposed methodology will eliminate wastewater and toxic off-gassing in the process of PGM recycling while reducing the energy consumption and carbon footprint of PGM recycling/extraction production.

Investigating the effect of the Virtual Meditative Walk on brain in chronic pain conditions: A longitudinal fMRI study - Year two

The Virtual Meditative Walk (VMW) (1) is a well-developed therapeutic protocol that can be used alone or in combination with the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction techniques in an Immersive Virtual Reality (IVR) environment. It has been shown to be effective in reducing pain levels in patients with chronic pain (CP); however, little is known about how IVRs such as VMW may affect pain processing networks in the brain.

Developing a standardized, commercially viable and scalable Software-as-a-Service model which can be customized for customer retention, acquisition, and monetization using predefined adaptation strategies

Apps, mobile games, cloud based services have become ubiquitous and integral to our daily lives. These apps, although free to use, can be expensive to produce and make money either through ads or in-app or program purchases. Companies developing these services have to make software that are not only easy to use and attractive, but also integrate money making attributes without affecting user experience, thereby building a loyal user base.

Investigating social-ecological enabling conditions for the revitalization of Indigenous clam management systems in an urban context

The general objective of the proposed activity is to increase the future productivity of Burrard Inlet and the contribution of seafood to the diet of Tsleil-Waututh Nation (TWN) members in support of the TWN Cumulative Effects Monitoring Initiative.

Scalable Chatbot Framework for Multi Layered Chatbots and Memory.

The general objective of this research project is to develop a new natural and empathic chatbot by integrating the transformer and intent-based systems. The goal is to implement a system for expressive 3D interactive characters that can move between the structure of an intent-based system with specific Question and Answer pairs and the more open-ended smart system of the Transformer. Most currently existing chatbot systems are limited in their abilities to engage in open-ended and natural dialogues with human users.

Sediment Budget of the Lower Fraser River

Sediment processes are regularly disrupted in large sand-bedded rivers and deltas as a result of human development. Development of the Fraser River delta and estuary, associated with sediment dredging, dykes, and flow diversions has been linked to reduced volumes of sediment delivered to the delta front and systematic channel degradation. As a result, the delta may be sediment starved and transitioning from a growing to an erosional state, increasing its vulnerability to oceanic forces (e.g., waves, tidal forces).

Development of a Welding Robotic Systems for Pipeline Welding

Pipelines are a vital part of safe drinking water networks and hygienic facilities, and any improvement in facilitating their development affects decreasing the disease and death and increasing the prosperity of the community economy. This project aims to develop a welder robot for massive pipeline connections, which will expedite the execution phases of welding. Compared with the current bulky and expensive welding robot, the developed robotic system will be more helpful in pipeline development because it will be portable and affordable.

Synthesis and characterization of a new generation of bone targeting anabolic prodrugs - Year two

Prostaglandin E2 stimulates bone formation in vivo and exerts its effects through the EP4 receptor. Unfortunately prostaglandin E2 and agonists for the EP4 receptor also cause unacceptable systemic side effects which have limited their clinical use as anabolic agents. We developed novel bone-targeting prodrugs that can deliver EP4 agonists selectively to bone and liberate active drug slowly in situ to effect bone formation while avoiding the side effects.

Twin-entry turbine modelling for high efficiency engines

A turbine is placed in an engine system to make use of energy contained in exhaust gases. It receives hot gases that are left over from the combustion process and converts them into useful shaft power that increases overall efficiency. The flow from each cylinder is highly dynamic since it is created by the exhaust valve opening and closing. An engine with more than four cylinders must separate the flows in order to prevent interaction that can lose some of the available energy.