Research and Development of Urinary Metabolome-based Personalized Health Assessment for Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Autism and Environmental Exposure - Year Two

Despite the growing interests and publications in metabolomics, there is a significant gap between what have been found through scientific studies and what have actually been applied in clinical practice and preventative healthcare. This proposed project aims to fill this gap by addressing two major causes; 1) lack of utilization in existing metabolomics data and published findings, and 2) lack of an accessible tool to collect samples for metabolomics data at home. The first issue is addressed by text mining of published studies and online databases using machine learning techniques.

Deposition rate and solidification behavior of novel silicon bronze and aluminum consumables

Brazing and braze welding is like welding in that it joins metals using heat and filler metal but differs from welding in that the temperatures used are not hot enough to melt the base metal. The type of filler metal used during brazing and braze welding is significant because it directly impacts the strength and durability of the joint. The goal of the research is to study Lincoln Electric’s silicon bronze and aluminum filler metals to determine their solidification behaviors and deposition rate during braze welding.

Automating an Infosec Question Answering Function

Tugboat has 1000s of questions and responses submitted by clients. Users upload questions which can be answered using the “Auto Answer” functionality. The “Auto Answer” technology leverages weighted search vectors to search answer databases and prioritize which answers to recommend for a given question.

The objective of the project is to leverage this dataset by training a machine learning model to automate and improve the “Auto Answer” functionality described above. The current approach uses ideas from the information retrieval domain serving as the baseline.

Development of a lymphatic in-vitro model to study drug uptake

The lymphatic system serves an integral role in fluid homeostasis, lipid metabolism and immune control of the human body. Lipid based nano-carriers employing lymphatic voyage offer multitude of advantages like enhanced bioavailability, selective targeting to localized as well as metastatic conditions, controlled delivery and others. Lipid-based nano-carriers have been tested on various experimental various in-vivo, in-vitro, ex-vivo and in-silico models. The in-vivo models provide the best drug transport estimation, but they are both invasive and irreversible.

Developing Gaze and Movement Key Performance Indicators for User Experience Assessment

There’s nothing quite as delightful as using a well-designed product, especially a piece of software. A field of research known as User eXperience (UX) tries to define measures that describe what a good design feels like. While conventional measures of UX for software work well (how long things take, whether you complete your task successfully), we suggest that tracking your eye and hands will reveal other useful information.

Mapping anthropogenic noise in Alberta using passive acoustic monitoring data

Noise from human activities negatively affects the well-being of humans and wildlife alike. In rural areas, ecosystems that are relatively undisturbed by human activities may still be subjected to noise exposure from vehicles passing nearby, industry-related noise (e.g., compressor stations), or from airplanes overhead. To date, however, little work has been done to quantify what proportion of Canada’s land area might be exposed to anthropogenic noise, and how much noise is out there.

Design and simulation of an automated robotic solution for the installation of Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing components in wood-framed walls

In this project, a key research project for the robotization of the timber building construction is proposed. By developing a full-scale solution for the installation of MEP components in mass timber walls and showcasing its benefits compared to current manual situations, in terms of safety, quality, productivity and so forth, we expect to support the introduction of robotic cells in offsite construction facilities.

Indoor Virtual Tour and Virtual Object Display in 360 Degrees

The proposed project implements the applications of virtual view of indoor environments and objects in 360 degrees, thereby encouraging people to check the information of rooms and products online during the COVID-19 pandemic. Specifically, six objectives are proposed, each undertaken by two interns, to build a virtual view system satisfying different scenarios.

Analysis of the potential application of the shortwave infrared and near-infrared cameras to the weld temperature measurements

Temperature is a critical parameter in welding and related processes such as metal additive manufacturing. The real-time temperature measurement systems based on infrared thermal cameras have a potential to significantly improve the existing process control systems and, consequently, the quality of the welds and additive manufactured products. Conventional thermal cameras work in midwave (MWIR) and longwave infrared (LWIR) part of the infrared spectrum. They require sophisticated sensor systems and special optics.

Examining the effect of biochar on C sequestration, greenhouse gas production, and soil biogeochemistry in different agricultural operations in Alberta

Application of biochar to enhance the growth of crops and final yield in agriculture has received a lot of attention recently, while the benefits to environment through deceleration of carbon loss and greenhouse gases leading to control climate changes and global warming are poorly understood. This study focuses on possible changes of biochar on carbon content, greenhouse gases, physicochemical properties, and microbial structure of the soil in Alberta.