Surfactants (including emulsifiers) are a group of molecules that are critical for the function of many industrial processes and commercial products. Conventional surfactants are produced from non-renewable sources (e.g., petroleum products), can persist in the environment for long periods of time, and can be toxic to various plants and animals. “Biosurfactants” are surfactants that are naturally produced by harmless bacteria and have the potential to provide the same functionality as conventional surfactants, while also being environmentally compatible.
The data and AI revolution that is sweeping many industries is also poised to revolutionize automation, control and safety in commercial and residential buildings. In order to activate the full power and promise of AI, we need large volumes of data that are accessible at high-speed over physically separated buildings/equipment. The fifth generation (5G) wireless communication networks provide large bandwidth for high throughput data, unparalleled reliability with low latency and high level of security and guaranteed bandwidth.
Quantum computers encode information with qubits. Unfortunately, qubits are subject to error. Those are physical qubits, and one will need many physical qubits to create an error-free qubit, also called a logical qubit. In this project, the university and industry researchers will work together to understand if the error rate of a logical quantum circuit will be arbitrarily suppressed by increasing the number of physical qubits. One of the key challenges is to simulate large enough systems necessitating scalable implementations of representation of quantum error-correcting codes and decoders.
The proposed research aims to develop novel wood foams to be used for thermal insulation in buildings and houses. The wood foam will be designed to replace plastic foams, which are linked to environmental and health concerns. The wood foams will be prepared from unwanted forest residues (beetle killed wood) and green additives to impart strength and flame retardancy. Wet foams will be prepared with several water-based compositions and then oven dried to make porous hard sponge-like materials.
The project aims to identify various usability factors and how they affect user’s perception of the trustworthiness of the blockchain-based record and their intentions to adopt this technology. The study also aims in increasing our current understanding of how usability affects users’ perception of the trustworthiness of blockchain technology for personal health data sharing. The resulting datasets and other reported design implications can be used in improving features in existing wallets leading to further blockchain-based health wallets in the healthcare industry.
This project seeks to examine how impurities affect the polymerization kinetics of recycled polyester monomers. The textile industry used over 50 million tons of polyester fibers made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) annually.1 Because polyester fibers are slow to degrade, waste textiles have accumulated in landfill and natural environments, causing near-permanent land contamination.2 The ability to recycle polyester fibers is, therefore, essential to the responsible use of textiles and environment stewardship.
Smart device applications show great promise as a means to improve the mental health and well-beingof users. CheckingIn is one such app. CheckingIn monitors self-reported daily mood states of users andsuggests exercises to improve user’s mental health and well-being. Although the app’s well-being programs arescientifically informed, there is a general lack of research investigating how effective such apps are in improvingmental health. Therefore, CheckingIn requires more research to examine the effectiveness of their app’s mentalhealth programs.
Women use sports bras to reduce the breast movement and discomfort during exercise. In order to provide support, sports bras have a tight fit, adding pressure to rib cage. Pressure applied to the rib cage via a sports bra, can provide resistance during inspiration, and increasing the effort and work required to breath. The purpose of this study is to measure how the tightness of a sports bra affects how women breath at rest and during exercise.
Recent scientific findings identified a set of enzymes in the human gut that can selectively convert blood group antigens to universal blood type O, by cleaving off the sugar chains present on the surface of red blood cells (RBCs). The increased availability of universal donor blood decrease the shortage of such precious product and will save patients in emergency. However, the application of these new enzymes currently requires a centrifugation step to remove the enzymes from the blood prior to transfusion. As a result, the upscaling of this technique is very challenging.