Nature-based solutions through marginal farmland naturalization in Southern Ontario at the subfield scale

The proposed project will assess the potential for converting many small patches of farmland to natural habitat. In particular, it will assess both the ecological effectiveness and the economic feasibility of such land restoration. It will map unproductive patches of land within fields where soybean is grown, across all of Southern Ontario, using a combination of in?field observations and satellite images.

Improved ductility in extruded Al-Mg-Si alloys through texture and microstructure control

The use of aluminum alloys in automotive applications is increasing since this allows the weight of the vehicle to be decreased. This is beneficial for both internal combustion and battery powered vehicles, to increase fuel economy and increase vehicle range, respectively. However, in general, aluminum alloys are more difficult to form than steel and their performance during a vehicle crash may be challenging. Thus, it is necessary to understand the linkages between the production of the components and their performance.

DNA Damage Repair Germline Rare Variants as Predictors of Metastasis and Response to PARP Inhibitors

The intern will investigate whether normal DNA variants can cause prostate tumors to be more aggressive and to metastasize. If confirmed this mean the risk of metastasis could be predicted at diagnosis-even diagnosis at very early stage. Moreover, the intern will investigate whether the same DNA variants predict for effective FDA approved therapies that could be used very early before the cancer has metastasized. The partner will benefit from being introduced to the field of prostate cancer and the engineering of cancer genomes to model susceptibility and resistance to cancer therapeutics.

Investigation of Canadian hemp cottonization using steam explosion technology

The overall goal of the proposed two-year project focuses on the development of textile fibres from Canadian grown hemp. In the first year, we will complete the characterization of the Canadian hemp bast fibres, obtained after different growing cycles, and compare them with the hemp bast grown for textile applications (e.g., collected from China and USA). We will establish the degumming process to produce cottonized hemp fibres. Cottonized hemp fibres will be produced from both Canadian hemp and the Chinese and American hemp using steam pretreatment/explosion and mild delignification process.

AutoML System for arbitrary number of inputs and outputs of varied data types and dimensionality

This project explores how to employ evolutionary algorithm on Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) and possibility to achieve a competitive result compared to the conventional backpropagation method. DNNs are currently widely used for many artificial intelligence (AI) applications, including computer vision, speech recognition, and robotics. While DNNs deliver state-of-the-art accuracy on many AI tasks, it comes at the cost of high computational complexity.

K-12 Curricular and Programming Development around New Chinese Canadian History Resources

The recent opening of the Chinese Canadian Museum’s inaugural exhibition, “A Seat at the Table: Chinese Immigration and British Columbia,” in Vancouver features the history – and present – of Chinese Canadians’ struggle and agency for acceptance and belonging. The SAT exhibit, including its interactive features, provides a valuable experiential learning opportunity for K-12 students and members of the general public. This project will create educational resources to prepare K-12 teachers and students across the country to engage with the SAT exhibition.

Thermal microgrid: An integrated energy system with low carbon technologies

Shortening the difference between where energy is generated and where it is being used, the need for heavy-duty transmission infrastructure could be avoided to reduce the amount of energy lost along the way and eliminate the impact of grid failure. The proposed project, a thermal microgrid, can connect alternative generation, renewable generation, rejected or waste heat, and storage to simultaneously provide optimized heating and cooling services. The integrated system can substantially reduce the carbon footprint by creating a sustainable energy sharing network for local communities.

Achieving Community-Based Data Sovereignty

The intern will work with Kwusen Research & Media, a consulting company based in Victoria, B.C., to conduct an assessment of Kwusen's research approaches and software. Kwusen works closely with Indigenous communities across western Canada to provide up-to-date and accurate information about their lands and resources, as well as any potential impacts to these resources as a foundation for free, prior, and informed consent. The intern will conduct informal interviews with Kwusen's clients to elicit feedback on Kwusen's research and software services.

Biophysical Characterization of Novel PARP Inhibitors

PARP inhibitors are an FDA-approved treatment for breast, ovarian and prostate cancers. This project
aims to develop 3 new classes of PARP inhibitors, 2 of which can target multiple pathways with a single
drug, helping to prevent resistance to the PARP inhibitors and enabling the combination of 2 drug
treatments without the added side effects that a sequential treatment would have.

Disinfection efficacy of Far-UVC light in a healthcare facility

UV light is known for its antimicrobial properties. In this project, we expect to use a proprietary lamp which will provide a specific light that will target bacterial, fungal and viral strains commonly found in health care facilities. Results of the project will have a direct impact in the sterilization of areas with a high traffic of health care providers. The company mission is to design, test, and manufacture customizable UVX light. The project is also relevant to COVID-19, as one of the strains used in the panel of pathogens is considered a replacement of the COVID-19 virus.