We are on the doorstep of a quantum revolution in modern science, perhaps most significantly in the development of new types of information and communication technologies, and Canada has positioned itself as a world leader in these efforts. This proposal includes an expansion of research into quantum information and communication by the University of Guelphs David Kribs, in collaboration with the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences (AIMS), which has identified quantum information as an area of fundamental importance to its network.
The aim of The Ontario HIV Treatment Network (OHTN) is to help combat the spread of HIV by supporting, conducting, and sharing the best research possible. This project will involve a novel analysis examining aspects of condom negotiation among gay and bisexual men who have sex with men (GBMSM). This work is needed because the HIV prevention methods that involve drug regimens are not available to all GBMSM and do not protect against the transmission of bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STIs).
Diseases of dairy cattle adversely affect meat and milk quality. Our research demonstrates that high immune response (HIR) cattle have many health advantages, including better quality colostrum/milk. HIR technology is marketed by our partner Semex Inc as Immunity+. While many advantages of HIR exist, there is more to learn, particularly as it relates to colostrum. Colostrum is the first milk from the mother that protects the new born. HIR cows have enhanced specific antibody and pass this protection to their calves via colostrum.
Sound barriers can be seen beside highways across Ontario and are designed to protect residents from the noise produced by traffic. However, these barriers do little in the way of protecting residents from the pollution produced by nearby vehicles. This project will help determine the ability of the SmogStop® barrier to reduce the level of exposure to GHGs and VOCs for those living close the major urban roadways. The partner organization is an R&D firm that would greatly benefit from the access to equipment and HQP that they would gain from a partnership with the University of Guelph.
Our previous work has shown the promise of monodisperse phytoglycogen for many applications. However, these experiments only scratch the surface of potential uses since the chemistry of the particles (as extracted) is fixed. Nanoparticles offer very high surface areas, and glucose units are easily modifiable, thus there exist a multitude of ways to chemically modify the surface to produce a wide variety of new material properties.
Tea is often considered as a healthy drink that is rich in antioxidants and other health constituents. However, tea can become contaminated during production and pathogens such as Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) that could potentially can persist over extended storage periods. The true risk of STEC linked to tea is unclear as on one side, the beverage is brewed in hot water and although contains natural antimicrobials. However, on the other hand, STEC can become heat resistant in the dry state that could enable survival during brewing.
This project will develop a design tool that can be used by consultant engineers who design these ponds and by the regulatory agencies, including our partner organization (the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority) to assess if a stormwater management pond will meet the thermal objectives for the protection of sensitive aquatic life, including the permanent pool volume, drawdown time, length-to-width ratio, number of berms, optimal depth, and the bottom-draw outlet position for a given pond.
Enzymes play an essential role in the animal nutrition industry and are used to increase the nutritional value of feedstuff, resulting in improved production cost, feed efficiency, and animal performance. Many manufacturers choose to pelleting feed, for reasons such as increased feed intake and feed efficiency. However, many enzymes become deactivated when exposed to the high temperatures used during the pelleting process, and the feed will no longer provide benefits to the animal. There is a need to identify enzyme products that can withstand temperatures used during the pelleting process.
The role of companion animals has evolved over the years of their domestication from that of purely utilitarian hunting or working partnerships to a relationship now more closely resembling that of a family member. Unsurprisingly, trends in companion animal nutrition have begun to closely shadow trends in human nutrition, reflecting the desire of pet owners to feed their companions diets which they consider healthy and beneficial for their pets wellbeing.
The main contribution by the interns will be to function as a research assistant to help with the labour intensive laboratory experiments, data analysis, and reporting tasks. The students will have a chance to work with the engineering staff at CHI and will provide additional support during the study.