Advancing Youth Leadership in Indigenous-Led Natural Climate Solutions in the Missinaibi Forest

When Indigenous rights and leadership are prioritized, Natural Climate Solutions (NCS) like forest carbon management present an opportunity to advance reconciliation while combatting climate change and biodiversity loss. Wahkohtowin Development GP Inc. is taking steps to drive NCS in the Missinaibi Forest toward Indigenous-led climate action and social-ecological benefits for its owner First Nations (the Chapleau Cree FN, Missinabie Cree FN and Brunswick House FN).

Neural and behavioral correlates of accidental cannabis poisoning and potential treatments using cannabis-based drugs

Following the legalization of cannabis in Canada, the incidence of accidental exposure of children and pets to cannabis-containing products including foods is rising, leading to an increase in the number of cannabis poisoning cases being reported. The current treatment for cannabis poisoning generally involves monitoring and detoxification, which is not very effective, emphasizing the need for novel therapeutics for its management.

Development of advanced chemical techniques for the production of graphene-based nanomaterials from graphite

Graphene is a recently discovered two-dimensional material with remarkable properties that scientists and industry are intensely striving to understand and exploit. It can be used in energy applications (e.g., batteries and supercapacitors for electrical vehicles), as conductive thin films for solar panels, as membranes for water desalination, and in antibacterial and antiviral coatings. ZEN Graphene Solutions Ltd.

Development, implementation and evaluation of a bulk tank milk surveillance program for infectious and emerging diseases on Ontario dairy farms - Year two

The spread of endemic and emerging infectious diseases continues to plague the dairy industry. The convergence of human, animal, and ecosystem interactions results in emergence and re-emergence of diseases in dairy cattle such as salmonellosis and anaplasmosis. Adding to the mix, frequent buying of cattle contributes to rapid dissemination of infectious diseases in dairy cattle. The University of Guelph is exceptionally well-positioned to lead the development and implementation of a surveillance network based on bulk tank milk.

Impact of dietary macronutrient content on energy balance and metabolism in lean and obese cats

Obesity is a detrimental disease that affects up to 60 % of domestic cats in North America. It is generally accepted that diet plays a fundamental role in the development of obesity in cats. However, few research studies investigate the role of macronutrients, protein, carbohydrates, and fats, in obesity. The aim of the present study is to evaluate how a low carbohydrate diet may benefit both lean and obese cats compared to both a low protein and a low fat diet, which each have a higher carbohydrate content.

Exploring the drivers of innovation diffusion for virus-resistant grape vines

Increasing exports of value-added agricultural products is a priority set out by Canada’s Advisory Council on Economic Growth. Upper Canada Growers has developed novel technology to produce grape vines with improved disease resistance to red blotch, a virus that has been significantly reducing grape quality and harvest globally, and this project will investigate how this innovation can achieve major adoption in key grape growing regions in the U.S.

Develop Cost-effective Road Condition Detection Algorithm for Off-road Trucks

The goal of this project is to develop a more advanced cost-effective algorithm that can detect the road condition. The pressures signal from the pressure transducers installed on the struts of the off-road trucks are acquired and analyzed. The relationship between the road condition and pressure changes will be studied and researched. Based on the study and research, a road condition monitoring data model can be developed, and bad road condition event concept can be developed and defined. The data model can be implemented in a real-time mobile controller.

Exploration of preharvest technologies in controlled environment production to improve the postharvest chilling tolerance of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.)

Sweet basil is a leafy, flavourful and fragrant herb commonly used many types of cooking. It has not only nutrient values but also many health benefits. Basil likes warm growing environment; therefore, it is commonly produced in greenhouses in Canada. To keep leafy vegetables fresh, right after harvesting majority of them are normally stored and transported at about 4 ºC. However, basil can quickly become black and not sellable when kept at that temperature. To store and transport basil separately is logistically difficult and costly.

Development of cGMP-compliant manufacture of activated eCB-MSCs along with in vivo evaluation

Research into equine stem cells as regenerative medicine has been ongoing for over 20 years. Stem cell technologies hold promise for healing musculoskeletal tissues and wounds, fighting bacterial infections, and treating inflammatory conditions, but definitive evidence of the safety and therapeutic efficacy of these technologies have not yet been proven. A major limiting factor for conducting clinical trials to prove safety and efficacy is the lack of sufficient cell numbers with reproducible, standardized, and characterized properties.

Investigating the use of force sensing insoles for understanding running efficiency and power

This work will examine a novel “smart” insole that allows for the quantification of specialized running metrics and will compare the outputs with the gold-standard measure of metabolic work. The insoles work by collecting pressure data from many sensors embedded in the insole, and sending this to an phone app. We are comparing the insoles and their ability to model running power and economy both in the lab and in field conditions where factors that affect the work of running will change. This includes factors such as the running surface, grade, and external resistance.