Measuring up? Assessing approaches used to measure the effectiveness of protected areas at conserving biodiversity

The world is currently facing a biodiversity crisis driven by the loss and degradation of habitat resulting from the conversion of natural areas to agricultural land and urban development. To combat this biodiversity crisis, the government committed to Convention of Biological Diversity and national targets of protecting at least 17% of terrestrial land through network of protected areas. The goal of protected areas is to ensure that biodiversity is conserved, however, whether protected areas are effective at conserving biodiversity is debated.

Evaluating the Impact of Cannabis Legalization in Canada on Risk-Taking Behaviours

The proposed research will focus on changes in cannabis use patterns and sources of supply following cannabis legalization, and on how these changes produce and/or reduce cannabis-related harm. The research will involve statistical analyses of Statistic Canada’s National Cannabis Survey (NCS). Some key areas of consideration will be: cannabis-impaired driving, cannabis dependence, and youth cannabis use.

Evaluation of Solar Technologies Combined with Insulated Wall Panel and Air Source Heat Pump

Hot summers and cold winters present a significant challenge for affordable housing. Effective utilization of solar energy for thermal comfort provides an environmentally sustainable solution to reduce utility bills. The objective of this research project is to investigate alternative solar technologies that can be combined with a thermal energy storage system and air source heat pump to provide an energy efficient and cost-effective solution for affordable housing. The proposed thermal energy storage system will be contained within insulated expanded polypropylene (EPP) wall panel system.

Elucidating the safety and efficacy profiles of hypervalent antimicrobial agents towards combatting antibiotic resistance

Recent global events have shed light on the vulnerabilities within our health care systems. Undoubtedly, unpreparedness in the face of a global crisis will lead to disastrous repercussions. The growing threat of antimicrobial resistance is hailed as a pandemic in the making. As the antibiotics drug development pipeline dwindles, effective solutions to combat antimicrobial resistant strains of pathogenic bacteria are urgently needed. Here, we evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy and safety profile of a novel library of hypervalent antimicrobial agents.

Development of Advanced Graphene-Based Antiviral Nanocomposites against COVID-19

The outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a serious threat to humanity worldwide. It is known that COVID-19 is a respiratory infection, which can be transmitted from person to person via small aerosolized droplets. The goal of this project is to develop advanced functional graphene-based nanocomposites with robust antiviral and antibacterial activities. The graphene-based nanocomposite layer not only filters out particulates, but also binds with and disinfects coronavirus.

Engineered genetic traceability solution for commercerical ale yeasts and methodology for rapid dectection and identification of diastatic yeast contamination in beer fermentation

This project will demonstrate that one or more unique DNA ID sequences (“DUID”) can be inserted into the genomes of select strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ale yeast and S. cerevisiae var diastaticus yeast strains without affecting the heritable traits of the host and then the DUID can be recalled upstream in the brewing process. By demonstrating the utility of the DUID for batch-level rapid detection and identification to address existing commercial challenges experienced by beer producers, we will use the data collected to expand our offering into other food system organisms (e.g.

The Effect of Degenerative Spine Disease on Neuromuscular Pain and Function

Despite its growing prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal disease in society, its cause is still poorly understood. Emerging research suggests that degenerative spine disease may be an important facilitator to the development of chronic inflammatory musculoskeletal disease. We aim to investigate the effect of degenerative spine disease on muscle inflammation, pain and dysfunction by using an animal model of experimentally induced spine osteoarthritis.

Exploring how climate change, gender, and tailored mental health services impact help-seeking and mental health outcomes among Canadian farmers

My doctoral research investigates mental health challenges of Canadian farmers, to more effectively address them. My research includes a nationwide epidemiological survey examining the prevalence and factors associated with depression, anxiety, stress, resilience, and burnout. Additionally, I conducted 75 one-on-one qualitative interviews with farmers and others in the agricultural industry to provide an in-depth understanding of farmer mental health.

New Method for Delivering Protectants into Honey Bee Hives

Pollination services provided by honey bees is imperative to crop production in Canada. Unfortunately, honey bee health is compromised by pests and diseases leading to the decline and/or death of hives and decreased pollination. In this project we will implement the usage of a special inspenser to bring in materials that will protect the honey bees from pests and diseases. These inexpensive inspensers will decrease the workload of already busy beekeepers, while also improving the overall health of the hives.

Development of applications of the NanoCleanSQ surface coating in the fight against COVID-19

Envision SQ Inc. (EnvisionSQ), in a joint effort with the University of Guelph, is currently working on applications of their NanoCleanSQ disinfectant-sanitizer to help slow down the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus (the virus that causes COVID-19). NanoCleanSQ is a clear coating material and acts as a photocatalytic disinfectant that can be easily applied to virtually any hard surface to help prevent spread of viruses.