Comparative assessment of NH3 production and utilization in transportation systems for Ontario

Alternative fuels and energy resources play a key role in both the short and long term sustainable development of transportation. Ammonia (NH3) is the only carbon-free chemical energy carrier (other than hydrogen) suitable for use as a transportation fuel. NH3 can be produced using either fossil fuels, or any renewable energy source, using heat and/or electricity. Comparative analysis related to ammonia production and ammonia based applications such as transportation options will be undertaken.

Development of a slit die system for on-line rheological measurements of polymeric melts

Our industry partner, EHC GLOBAL, is a world leader in the design, manufacture and sale of escalator handrails products including recyclable handrail that features built-in antimicrobial properties and the ability to display custom graphics. They also deal in many other products such as escalator safety brushes, urethane rollers and engineered polymer products and are continuing to introduce new products in the market. However, escalator handrails continue to be one of their major product lines, which they consistently look at improving the performance of this product.

Alteration of plant cell wall structure for improvement ofbiomass hydrolysis

Biobased products, mostly derived from plant biomass, have the potential to improve the sustainability of Canada’s natural resources and environmental quality while competing economically. Plant biomass, composed primarily of cell walls and modification of cell wall properties has the potential to improve biomass conversion to biobased products such as biofuels. Progress towards achieving this goal is currently impeded by a lack of knowledge of how cell walls are assembled and how their structure affects the processing of biomass.

Design of Novel Self-Cooling Can Systems

Temperature control is very important to a modern day society. Certain beverages, such as soda pop, alcoholic beverages, and even water are refrigerated so that they are more refreshing to drink. This project objective is to design novel environmentally benign and emission-free self-cooling beverage cans. Two different systems with different cooling approached are considered. The first system is built on chemical reaction that does not evolve any harm output that the user will be exposed to, and the other system uses the physical principle of cooling with expansion and absorption.

Simulating CANDU 6 Core ConfigurationsOperating on the Thorium Fuel Cycle

The research goal of this internship is to develop various configurations of the CANDU 6™ reactor core fuelled with thorium to achieve a conversion ratio of at least one, (i.e. the reactor produces as much fissile material as it consumes). These cores should have equivalent power outputs as the baseline reactor, but achieve higher average discharge burnup. The utilization of thorium allows the exploitation of a currently unused energy source and more efficient usage of uranium fuel.

Flow Optimization for Disaster Recovery in Software-Defined Networks

The concept of Software-Defined Networking (SDN) has recently gained significant attention as a practical and flexible way to create programmable networks, where new network services can be deployed or dynamically adjusted with ease. One application of this concept could be in enhancing the reliability and survivability of backbone communication networks.

Hybrid Small UAV Powerplant

An analysis is to be conducted to investigate the integration of a hybrid power system for a small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). A hybrid power system is proposed as a substitute to the existing batteries to enhance the endurance of UAV systems. A UAV with flexible PV‐panels and a proton exchange membrane fuel cell is to be modeled. UAV propulsion tests are to be conducted to determine the required electrical power. The required power is to be used to determine the endurance of the UAV with the hybrid power system.

Investigation of optimal underground thermal energy storage systems

The growth of underground seasonal thermal energy storage systems has been relatively slow due to limited understanding with regard to optimal system design for different locations and building/community archetypes. Thermal interactions between underground storages and the surrounding strata as well as the effects of seasonal changes are not entirely understood making the development of optimized systems difficult.

Extraction of energy and value-added products from municipal wastewater

In effort to reduce the environmental footprint and improve the sustainability of wastewater treatment plants, this study is focused on the production of energy and the recovery of value-added products from municipal wastewater via the chemical precipitation of magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite). The method employs the controlled addition of a suitable magnesium compound such as magnesium oxide to wastewater at moderate to high pH values in order to promote the formation and precipitation of struvite.

Study on Natural Gas Vehicle Options Status and Needs

Natural gas use in transportation sector has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from heavy truck, marine, light duty vehicles, and rail transport with a 20-30% reduction. It is proposed that a comprehensive scoping of research priorities related to natural gas vehicles and refueling infrastructure be undertaken. The outcome of this work would be a report identifying areas of research need, areas of research opportunity, and current North American research activities.