Using a bottom-up approach to characterize the PEI agriculture sector within an energy system model of Atlantic Canada

The path to reaching net-zero emissions by 2050 in Atlantic Canada is both time- and resource-constrained. Energy system models can be used in this context to compare climate change mitigation options and to strategically plan for meeting climate change goals through cost-effective and timely means. Motivated by these circumstances, Net Zero Atlantic is building an open-source energy system model for Atlantic Canada that will serve as a shared tool for answering questions about our region’s transition to net zero emissions.

Optimization of Biodegradable Soft Bait Fishing Lures from Natural Materials

There is an increase in reporting of angling activities linked to environmental pollution and exploitation. Soft plastic lures (SPLs) are a major pollution source arising from recreational angling. A small portion of SPLs currently commercially available are designed to be more environmentally friendly alternatives to PVC as they are biodegradable and are manufactured using natural and/or food-grade ingredients. Moreover, these natural lures can successfully degrade in water and are thus more likely to be passed through the digestive tracts of aquatic organisms.

Implementation of Machine Vision Algorithms in a Decision Support System for Variable Crop Management

The proposed research aims to develop machine vision-based decision support system for variable crop management. This research will deploy the deep learning models for plant/weed detection, plant growth indicators and soil organic matter assessment. The information retrieved from these models will be used to devise variable rate management map to optimize the consumption of agrochemical with reduced environmental risks. Other potential outcomes of this project include monitoring soil health in fields and linking those to productivity.

Valorization of protein-rich liquid waste from tunicate cellulose extraction into biofertilizer

Presently, tunicates pose a serious challenge for the mussel aquaculture industry in PEI and Atlantic Provinces, which leads to a dramatic increase in the cost of production for both growers and processors. Although tunicate can be applied as the feedstock for the preparation of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs), an abundant amount of protein-rich liquid stream is often generated. To optimize the tunicate cellulose extraction process and improve the overall economy, this protein-rich liquid stream must be collected and valorized.

Overcoming metabolic constraints in the scalable growth of mouse embryonic stem cells for cultured meat

Cellular agriculture uses laboratory-grown cells to sustainably produce food, although high cost of growing cells currently limits widespread commercial application of this technology. Because Animals seeks to develop cat food using mouse stem cells, which can be grown indefinitely and converted into muscle and fat cells. Stem cells grow in a liquid medium that contains nutrients and expensive growth supplements and as cells grow, they deplete nutrients and release metabolic waste, necessitating media replacement.

Solar-driven H2 production by photovoltaic-electrochemical water splitting

Presently, it is significant to reduce CO2 emission and other greenhouse gas emissions. One of the major CO2 emission contributors is transportation sector. To reduce emissions and achieve a zero-emission society, the use of H2 as a fuel in ground, air, and marine transportation, a feedstock in petrochemical industry, and an energy carrier for energy storage is one of the most promising and environmentally benign option.

Sensible, and Sprayable Antifouling Coatings

This project aims to develop sprayable coatings to prevent the prevent the attachment of bacteria on tables, door handles and other countertops. This will be obtained by modifying the surface with natural materials (such as vitamin B5 mimicking polymers and cellulose nanocarriers) that can deter bacterial attachment upon contact. The spray coated surfaces will sense the bacterial adhesion on the surface and will undergo color change, indicating the surface fouling and need to reapply the coating on the surface as needed.

Assessing Climate Change Impacts on the Population and Habitats of Piping Plovers in Prince Edward Island

The proposed research focuses on examining the influence of regional climate variability and extreme weather events on the population and habitats of Piping Plovers in Prince Edward Island (PEI). Correlation matrices between records of population parameters and regional climate conditions will be generated and correlated variables will be tested for significance using t-tests.

Socially Innovative Entrepreneurship Across Cultures

The proposed project aims to develop a robust, user friendly educational strategy and tools that can be used to empower people close to the social problems to address these challenges through sustainable, revenue generating entrepreneurial action. The research explores how education, as a social science, can contribute to positive social changes through studies in entrepreneurship and innovation. The methodology is designed to use real life, real time data to identify the most effective educational tools that inspire creation of socially innovative business models across cultures.

Investigating the potential role of algal-derived astaxanthin for improved health and performance in AquAdvantage Salmon - Year two

The rapid expansion of the aquaculture industry has fueled significant advances in fish health and nutrition. One such innovation has been the development of the growth-enhanced Atlantic salmon, AquAdvantage Salmon (AAS), which was approved for commercial production and consumption in the US in 2015. AquAdvantage Salmon are raised exclusively in land-based operations using highly efficient recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) that depend on microbial communities to degrade waste and excess feed.