The proposed research will explore opportunities in measuring spatial variability in soil, water and topography within potato fields. Addressing this variability by doing site specific application of inputs such as fertilizer, crop protectant and seed can help to increase environmental sustainability and economic viability in potato production. This research will help develop new applications for SWAT mapping in potatoes all over the world.
Navigation at sea is a complex and comprehensive task. Combined with the challenges of navigating in heavy traffic, and avoiding dangers in low light and low visibility, it becomes considerably more difficult. This project, bridgeVUE, leverages an emerging technology to enhance marine navigation by contextualizing radar data over an individual’s field of vision, in real time.
There is an increase in reporting of angling activities linked to environmental pollution and exploitation. Soft plastic lures (SPLs) are a major pollution source arising from recreational angling. A small portion of SPLs currently commercially available are designed to be more environmentally friendly alternatives to PVC as they are biodegradable and are manufactured using natural and/or food-grade ingredients. Moreover, these natural lures can successfully degrade in water and are thus more likely to be passed through the digestive tracts of aquatic organisms.
Atlantic salmon are Canada’s top aquaculture export and contribute $1.5 billion annually to British Columbia’s (BC) economy. In BC, blooms of toxic algae are a common problem for salmon farmers, often resulting in large production losses due to lost growth and disease with high mortality. I recently identified for the first time at BC fish farms two algal toxins, domoic acid (DA) and okadaic acid (OA) that are likely associated with mortality at these sites.
The coastal ecosystem of Prince Edward Island (PEI) represents an interface between the open marine waters of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the sandstone, densely populated province of PEI. It is one of the wildest landscapes remaining in PEI and hosts several species at risk (including the endangered piping plover and red knot). This research is part of a larger project to more fully understand the dynamics of coastal ecosystems.
The proposed research investigates an opportunity of monitor, measure, and model the role of carbon sequestration and emission of carbon dioxide from agricultural soils of Atlantic Canada. Precision agricultural practices will be designed to promote sustainable agriculture in Atlantic Canada.
To increase the speed at which companies can develop robots we plan to create a package containing a number of key path-finding programs which can be easily connected with any robot. This will make it easier to produce both commercial and experimental robots without the need to create a path-finding program unique to the robot. We also plan to evaluate the possibility of offering expert assistance in choosing and tuning the available programs included in the package.
Potatoes are among the top five crops worldwide. With the rate of climate change accelerating, the pressures on potato production systems (e.g., heat stress, water stress, pest pressures) will intensify adaptation efforts. Although climate change is already happening, it is often seen as an abstract and distant problem that diverts resources from current production challenges. However, drone and remote sensing technology can reconcile this false dichotomy. They can help growers better respond to crop needs with targeted use of inputs, which improves the bottom line.
The project will reformulate the coronavirus dispersal hypothesis to food web disturbance caused by ‘social mood’ of human behaviors. We will develop a dynamic system-theoretic model to capture the change pattern of such a “social mood” and identify early warning indictors. The approach will be an advance for understanding the pathogen dispersal risk among those known- and unknown- susceptible species along the food web. This will be very important for contingency plans of COVID-19, especially in travel recommendations and pathogen containment.
A swarm of robots should be available on the board of a vessel or oil rig so they will be deployed when spill occurs. Based on our existing know-how knowledge and technology, the swarm of robots automatically detect the boundary of the oil, then they deploy inflatable booms to contain the oil. After they successfully contain the spill by detecting whether or not the booms achieve a close loop, the swarm continues to expand its searching area until it could not find any new spill.