Solar-driven H2 production by photovoltaic-electrochemical water splitting

Presently, it is significant to reduce CO2 emission and other greenhouse gas emissions. One of the major CO2 emission contributors is transportation sector. To reduce emissions and achieve a zero-emission society, the use of H2 as a fuel in ground, air, and marine transportation, a feedstock in petrochemical industry, and an energy carrier for energy storage is one of the most promising and environmentally benign option.

Sensible, and Sprayable Antifouling Coatings

This project aims to develop sprayable coatings to prevent the prevent the attachment of bacteria on tables, door handles and other countertops. This will be obtained by modifying the surface with natural materials (such as vitamin B5 mimicking polymers and cellulose nanocarriers) that can deter bacterial attachment upon contact. The spray coated surfaces will sense the bacterial adhesion on the surface and will undergo color change, indicating the surface fouling and need to reapply the coating on the surface as needed.

Assessing Climate Change Impacts on the Population and Habitats of Piping Plovers in Prince Edward Island

The proposed research focuses on examining the influence of regional climate variability and extreme weather events on the population and habitats of Piping Plovers in Prince Edward Island (PEI). Correlation matrices between records of population parameters and regional climate conditions will be generated and correlated variables will be tested for significance using t-tests.

Socially Innovative Entrepreneurship Across Cultures

The proposed project aims to develop a robust, user friendly educational strategy and tools that can be used to empower people close to the social problems to address these challenges through sustainable, revenue generating entrepreneurial action. The research explores how education, as a social science, can contribute to positive social changes through studies in entrepreneurship and innovation. The methodology is designed to use real life, real time data to identify the most effective educational tools that inspire creation of socially innovative business models across cultures.

Investigating the potential role of algal-derived astaxanthin for improved health and performance in AquAdvantage Salmon - Year two

The rapid expansion of the aquaculture industry has fueled significant advances in fish health and nutrition. One such innovation has been the development of the growth-enhanced Atlantic salmon, AquAdvantage Salmon (AAS), which was approved for commercial production and consumption in the US in 2015. AquAdvantage Salmon are raised exclusively in land-based operations using highly efficient recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) that depend on microbial communities to degrade waste and excess feed.

Optimization of Drug-eluting Bio-absorbable Scaffolds for Body Piercing Applications

Nearly 20% of all piercings lead to local infection, and therefore, it is imperative to develop alternative and commercially-viable methods of piercing aftercare to prevent infection. The general objective of the proposed project is to optimize the design of drug-eluting bio-absorbable scaffolds for human and animal tissue piercing applications with a focus on multiple drug release properties. The required concentration of drugs to be embedded within the scaffold will be determined based on the drug release profile and degradation rate (in-vitro).

Multiplexed quantitative proteomics approaches to characterize residual host cell protein impurities in biopharmaceutical processing

Many drugs, such as those made of antibodies, are produced using cells from bacteria and other organisms. Companies such as BioVectra use this approach to produce antibody drugs efficiently and cost-effectively. At the end of the production process, residue such as protein from the “host” cells (called host cell proteins, or HCPs) must be removed from the antibody. Although methods are currently available to test for HCPs, they do not fully identify all those present. Furthermore, how drug production processes effect what HCPs are present is not known.

Immersive Virtual Environment for Dental Restorative Techniques

Dentists and dental assistants are required to complete continuing education. Blue Light’s first technology introduced in 2010 was a patient simulator used for teaching hands-on light curing skills. This technology incorporates a mannequin head, expensive electronics and required an in-person course which is less desirable in the current covid-19 landscape. Exploring other mediums to deliver required educational training will be important over the next foreseeable future.

Soil, Water and Topography Maps as a Management Tool to Improve Profitability and Sustainability within the Potato Industry

The proposed research will explore opportunities in measuring spatial variability in soil, water and topography within potato fields. Addressing this variability by doing site specific application of inputs such as fertilizer, crop protectant and seed can help to increase environmental sustainability and economic viability in potato production. This research will help develop new applications for SWAT mapping in potatoes all over the world.

bridgeVUE – leveraging emerging technologies for safer and more efficient marine navigation.

Navigation at sea is a complex and comprehensive task. Combined with the challenges of navigating in heavy traffic, and avoiding dangers in low light and low visibility, it becomes considerably more difficult. This project, bridgeVUE, leverages an emerging technology to enhance marine navigation by contextualizing radar data over an individual’s field of vision, in real time.