Prince Edward Island__University of Prince Edward Island

A $5,000 contribution from the academic supervisor or university is required in lieu of provincial funding.
Fellowships will be awarded competitively.

Artificial Intelligence and Deterioration of Ocean Ecosystem

In the context of ocean sustainability of west coast of Canada, some questions that need to be considered are: what is the significance of environmental indicators related to the impact on marine aquatic species? How can changes in environment be predicted by patterns of bioindicators, for example as a result of hypoxia, affecting farmed and wild salmon? A starting point to answer these questions is the development of a centralized, common, accessible database that documents the shift in marine observation metadata collected in the area.

Carbon Footprints of Agriculture Production in Atlantic Canada

The proposed research investigates an opportunity of monitor, measure, and model the role of carbon sequestration and emission of carbon dioxide from agricultural soils of Atlantic Canada. Precision agricultural practices will be designed to promote sustainable agriculture in Atlantic Canada.

Determination of factors affecting Atlantic salmon hatching and recruitment in Prince Edward Island streams

The goal is to help understand the effects of cold water temperatures, and the infiltration of sediment from agriculture on the survival of Atlantic salmon from egg to juvenile in PEI. Three rivers on PEI will be studied that have a range of fair to excellent Atlantic salmon populations. Total year class failure has been noted on more than one occasion over recent years and understanding the cause will be implement to help address this major population limiting factor.

Fish passage and the importance of sea-run brook trout in small coastal watersheds in Prince Edward Island

Diadromous native salmonid species in coastal areas have been impacted by a multitude of factors including poor fish passage for over a century, and by an introduced salmonid, the rainbow trout. The overall goal of this study is to examine the impact of fishway improvement and anadromy, or the lack thereof, on brook trout populations. This research will provide data to inform coastal restoration efforts, particularly fish passage/fishway design, and generate new knowledge useful to the assessment environmental flows and the impacts of the introduction of non-native fish species.

Feasibility Study of High Temperature Pyrolysis for Producing Drop in Diesel quality Fuel

The proposed research investigates an opportunity of developing renewable bio-based diesel fuel as an alternative to petroleum based fuel to lower the emission of greenhouse gases. High temperature pyrolysis of wood chips will be investigated in multi-stage pyrolysis and fluidized bed system and the quality of liquid oil will be compared for diesel substitution.

Discovery of Antimicrobial Agents from Marine Microbes

The general aim of this proposal is to discover new natural products with antibacterial activity of relevance to companion animal health. While numerous discoveries of natural products have been made, the rate of discovery of new natural products has declined in recent years. The strategy outlined in this project aims to provide a streamlined approach to the discovery of new bioactive natural products. Nautilus Biosciences is the partner organization that will benefit directly from this project.

From incubator to money maker: An investigation of entrepreneurial founding teams

The current project seeks to develop an understanding of the process of startup organization process by examining the individual, team, and contextual characteristics that will lead to the success of a startup organization. Despite the importance of each variable, most of the literature has focused on individual characteristics, ignoring the importance of the team as a whole and the context of the organization. The goal of this internship is to create an evidence-based assessment tool that will evaluate a startup based on the aforementioned characteristics.

Development of Drug-eluting Bio-absorbable Scaffolds for Body Piercing Applications

Nearly 20% of all piercings lead to local infection, and therefore, it is imperative to develop alternative and commercially-viable methods of piercing aftercare to prevent infection. The general objective of the proposed project is to optimize the design of drug-eluting bio-absorbable scaffolds for human and animal tissue piercing applications with a focus on scaffold degradation and drug release properties. Methods of low temperature fabrication of drug-eluting bio-absorbable scaffolds will be developed and optimized.

Process optimization for extraction of compounds from natural sources - Year Two

Various methods have been developed to extract compounds from fruits, vegetables, and seeds. Subcritical and supercritical extractions are the most promising techniques with high output qualities and high cost efficiencies. Running the systems at different pressures and temperatures, the essential bi-product can be extracted from the natural compounds matrix. In addition to their effectiveness, the subcritical and supercritical extraction systems are environmentally friendly processes.