Moving the weakest links upstream: assessing passage of rainbow smelt and alewife at two Prince Edward Island fishways

Dams can be problematic for fishes, particularly those that migrate. In order to help fish move around dams, fisheries managers may construct fishways (aka “fish ladders”). However, these structures do not always function properly, often because they were built only to pass trout and salmon and are thus inappropriate for other species. This project aims to assess the ability of migratory rainbow smelt to use a newly constructed, “fish friendly” fishway at MacLean’s Pond on the Vernon River, PEI.

Development of agent-eluting bio-absorbable scaffold suitable for animal implant

Micro-chip implantation provides a reliable, cost effective and less painful method of reuniting the lost pets with their owners. However, the formation of tumors and inflammation at the micro-chip implant sites has been observed in companion animals as well as rats and mice. Therefore, there is an emerging need for alternative material to coat or encapsulate the micro-chips to control the inflammatory reaction after the implant and the potential tumor formation.

Assessment of the neuroprotective effects of a novel natural product derived formulation for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease

"Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects approximately 1.5% of the global population over age 65. Current therapeutic interventions for PD are typically limited to attempts to correct the depletion of dopamine once motor symptoms become moderate to severe. Interventions with the potential to improve the cognitive function and quality of life of Parkinson’s patients by modulating non-motor symptoms, as well as interventions with the potential to slow the rate of loss of dopaminergic neurons and to delay symptom emergence remain an unmet need.

Strategic BC Salmon Health Initiative: Inventory and Assessment of Health Risk of Microbes in BC’s Pacific Salmon

The role of infectious disease in declining productivity of wild salmon in BC is poorly understood. We will combine novel genomic technologies with traditional fish health methodologies and more broadly identify the microbe exposure of BC salmon. By doing so, we can examine their evolutionary relationships and their epidemiological distribution patterns over time and space as well as assess the pathogenic potential through histopathology, functional genomics, proteomics, and other clinical measures of condition.

Bridging Two Worlds: Culturally Responsive Career Development Programs and Services to Meet the Needs of Newcomer and Refugee Children in Canada

This three-year research program investigates schools and communities in Calgary, Winnipeg, Charlottetown and St. John’s to learn about their shared and disparate approaches to career development for refugee and newcomer children. This knowledge will prepare counsellors and teachers who provide career development programs and services and it will create stronger networks between community partners, universities organizations and schools throughout Canada.

Assessment of the neuroprotective effects of a novel natural product derived formulation in a rodent model of Parkinson’s disease

A number of natural products including ginseng, green tea catechins and the essential fatty acids DHA and EPA display neurosupportive and neuroprotective qualities. These bioactive compounds may be useful in preventing various forms of neuronal cell loss, including the degeneration observed in Parkinson’s disease.

Cardiovascular function, inflammation, and exercise: potential role of anti inflammatory supplementation to optimize health and performance

Additional research is required to fully understand the effects of a powerful antioxidant Curcumin on the short and long term impact of exercise. Previous studies have demonstrated other antioxidants can potentially slow recovery and reduce benefits of exercise. However, there is lacking information regarding the effects of Curcumin on cardiovascular health and exercise performance.

The physiologic effects of Capsaicinoid ingestion on human metabolism and exercise performance

Additional research is required to fully understand the effects of Capsaicinoids, a supplement that contains the active ingredient in hot peppers. Previous studies have demonstrated its ability to reduce appetite and weight. However, there is lacking information regarding the effects of this supplement on cardiovascular health and exercise performance. The intern will be responsible for collecting and interpreting various physiological measurements from participants, where half will be randomly chosen to consume the supplement, while the other half will be given a placebo.

Characterization of Lepeophtheirus salmonis resistance to common therapeutants

The sea louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) is the most economically important parasite that affects salmon farming and it is a cause for major environmental concern due to the risk of transmission to wild salmon population. The development of drug resistance in a number of L. salmonis populations to the most effective sea lice therapy - SLICETM diminishes the ability to control sea lice levels on farmed salmon.