Integrated Vegetation Management (IVM) is an approach that utility companies can use to manage vegetation under or near transmission lines and has been successfully applied in southern jurisdictions. IVM requires practitioners to understand and manipulate plant communities to meet management objectives, such as maintaining a low growing plant communities that help prevent the regrowth of trees.
In the design of robotic mechanisms, dynamic balancing i.e. force and moment balancing is an important issue. The robotic mechanisms accuracy and efficiency are affected because of the unbalance. Moreover, the forces and moments cause fatigue, noise and disturbance in its structural base. Previous research done by Prof. Chris Zhang include a force balancing method that is termed as adjusting kinematic parameters (AKP) for robotic mechanisms or real-time controllable (RTC) mechanisms. This research includes dynamic balancing method for planar mechanisms only i.e. two dimensional.
This project involves researching and integrating constraints into existing route and schedule optimization software. The partner organization (Western Heritage) has developed software that calculates the shortest route and optimal daily schedule for home care workers visiting patients in their homes. These schedules must consider constraints for each worker and patient, such as: smoker, pet in the house, lifting requirements, gender requirements, etc. as well as constraints for multiple starting points for each worker.
Feed restriction in gestating sows is required to prevent excessive body weight gain and the associated negative consequences on lactation, locomotion, farrowing, and feed intake during lactation. Aggression and stereotypies associated with restricted feeding become a welfare and production concern when the sows are housed in groups.
Wetland habitats are critically important to many animal and plant species, and they are in trouble. The North American prairies, for example, comprise some of the most productive wetland habitats in the world, but many areas of the prairies have lost up to 90% of their wetlands and more than 90% of their native grasslands due to farming practices and more recently, climate change. This project will build a decision-support framework to prescribe the conservation actions needed to sustain wetland biodiversity in the face of climate and land-use changes.
This unique research project, undertaken by Master of Northern Governance and Development (MNGD) students, contributes significantly to our understanding of the North. The research focuses on community-based responses to rapid economic, social, and environmental changes and the development of the local capacity to respond. The analysis is collaborative, involving key stakeholders at the community and multi-community levels, and is informed by their values and interests.
Monte Carlo simulation methods are commonly used as a risk management tool to estimate the risk exposure of financial asset portfolios. However, the traditional brute-force Monte Carlo (BFMC) method is often very timeconsuming, which makes it difficult to serve the risk management needs of modern insurance industry. An alternative approach, the least-squares Monte Carlo (LSMC) method, could substantially reduce the computation cost by fitting a proxy function of liabilities using simple nonlinear regression methods.
Farmers of North America (FNA) and FNA Strategic Agriculture Institute (FNA STAG) are two Canadian organizations dedicated to maximizing farm profitability. They collect and analyze demographic, legal, marketing and relevant data about its producers and partnering commodity organizations to understand the farmer market need and create strategies for business operation functionality. With this project, the organizations will get two database systems, the market/consumer research and distributed database.
Modern air seeders in their simplest form involve an air supply system that receives granular product (seed and fertilizer) from a large holding tank, propels the product through several distribution lines, and delivers the product to the soil. Currently the conveying air runs faster than is usually required to reduce the risk of plugging. However, this results in wasted power in the air supply system, and also wasted inputs through either damage or misplacement.
The objective of this research will be to evaluate the ability of a rebar coating strategy to resist chloride induced corrosion and to test its efficacy in mitigating concrete corrosion in potash mill environments. This research project involves a collaboration between academics and the potash industry under the guidance of the International Mineral Innovation Institute (IMII). The academic research team will be able to supply the partner organizations with highly trained HQP with expertise in corrosion and materials science.