Bloomberg recently reported that theft and embezzlement of cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin and Ether, have become an annual USD $200 million business. Indeed, just between January 2021 and March 2022 investors have lost over US$1 billion in cryptocurrency scams according to the report by the US’s Federal Trade Commission. More than 46,000 people have lost money in crypto fraud since the beginning of 2021, making it the leading source of payment scams. Cryptocurrency has become a vehicle for money laundering, payments for ransomware, illicit activity, and even funding of extremist groups.
The proposed community rooted project affords an opportunity for interns to immerse themselves in community engaged research activities and work closely with our partner organizations (Île-à-la-Crosse & James Smith Cree Nation and Diabetes Canada). Guided by relational approaches and the interns will each spend time on site in their respective communities where they will gain experience in sharing and transferring health-promoting messaging specific to diabetes prevention that is grounded in Métis and Cree (respectively) ways of knowing and doing.
By 2050, the world population is predicted to increase to 9.6 billion, 2 billion more from today's population. This presses the necessity to increase the food production at a huge amount. There is a lot of efforts to address this issue, and this project is aiming to contribute to this issue through using agricultural by-products for animal feedstock production. Fusarium fungi are common pathogenic microbes in small grain crops, such as wheat, rye, and barley. The infestation of Fusarium results in small kernel with contamination of toxic secretion of Fusarium (mycotoxins).
This program will focus on the detailed characterization of the luminescence of a series of next-generation doped phosphors for lighting applications. These narrow-band-emitting, high-efficiency phosphors have demonstrated outstanding potential for use in phosphor-converted light emitting diodes. This technology is poised to replace traditional incandescent lights and it is expected to lead to an outstanding reduction of 15% in global energy consumption in the lighting sector with substantially greater long-term reductions.
Remote Indigenous communities governed by Peter Ballantyne Cree Nation (PBCN) will be engaged in a multi-criteria geospatial evaluation. The focus of the internships is to research the factors that can constrain and enable renewable energy (RE) development in the communities. The geospatial assessment will be based on structured cartographic modelling and map overlays that are informed by community participation.
Mining generates large amounts of waste (e.g. waste rock and tailings), some of which contains sulfide minerals that oxidize and produce acid rock drainage (ARD) when exposed to oxygen. Mine waste is commonly stored on-site in storage facilities which can account for > 80% of all ARD produced. Several methods exist to address ARD potential, but these tests are rarely linked to specific environmental conditions or repository designs.
An increase in shrub cover over the past 50-80 years in Alberta foothills grasslands has reduced grazing capacity. The goal of this project is to document the changes in and causes of woody plant cover change on two large working ranches near Longview Alberta.
Bison symbolizes the evolution of the Canada’s ecosystem and the physical and spiritual wellbeing of its human inhabitants. The species underwent a near-extinction event in the late 19th century. Wood bison recovery continues to be threatened today by genetic bottlenecks, hybridization and diseases transmissible to livestock and humans.
Recent estimates of agricultural land on the Canadian prairies suggest that 1 million ha are affected by moderate to severe soil salinity. These areas are not suitable for seeding annual grain crops. Perennial forages have the potential to remediate saline soils through salt ion uptake, lowering the water table, improved soil biological activity, and weed suppression. This project will evaluate establishment and remediation benefits in saline soils with perennial forage mixtures compared to annual grain crops.
While the benefits of uranium production bring economic and strategic advantages for Saskatchewan and Canada, the legacy of its tailings, waste rocks, flooded mines, and industrial wastewaters are the drawbacks. To safeguard both human and environmental health, the mining waste streams need to be treated prior to their release to the environment. The current research project aims to use agricultural residue-based materials (e.g., wheat and canola straws) as a cost-effective and eco-friendly alternative to the more expensive commercial adsorbents for removal of selenium from mining wastewater.