A microfluidics approach towards perovskite nanostructures rational design

Metal halide perovskite nanostructures are materials with outstanding photoluminescent properties and very promising in optoelectronic applications. With this project, we seek to explore how several synthesis parameters influence the formation and grow of the nanostructures. We will use a suite of complementary structural characterization techniques that will provide a deep understanding of the near, medium and long-range order, and we will correlate the structural and photoluminescence properties.

Deciphering the role of oncogenic kinase Lemur tyrosine kinase 3 (LMTK3) in breast cancer stem cell mediated multidrug resistance

Breast tumor harbours breast cancer stem cells (bCSCs), responsible for drug resistance or reduced effectiveness of chemotherapy drugs. The bCSCs can escape cell death induced by different treatment modalities, hence can survive and make a replica of the original tumor, contributes to its metastatic spread to distant organs, ultimately causing death. Therefore, targeting the bCSCs is the way forward. LMTK3 protein frequently over-produced in breast cancer cells contributes to drug resistance, and associated with poor survival of BC patients.

Thermomechanical Methane Pyrolysis for Production of Hydrogen with Solid Carbon

Today, 75% of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions come from CO2 produced by the energy and chemical sectors. In Canada, extreme temperatures and a dispersed population cause the figure to be over 80%. New solutions that are either CO2-free or CO2-negative are urgently needed. The approach in this project is to produce solid carbon (C) instead of CO2, where the carbon can be sequestered into the ground or cement instead of being released into the atmosphere. The solution pursued in this project will decarbonize natural gas through methane pyrolysis.

Microbial production of hyaluronic acid using oat hulls

Hyaluronic acid is a natural substance that is found in the epithelial, connective, and neural tissues in the human body and rooster comb tissues. It provides lubrication and acts as a cushion in the joints for different tissues of the human body. Currently, hyaluronic acid is widely used in pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and medical applications.

Understanding the threats: plastic pollution and migrating shorebirds

Discarded plastic is a significant environmental contaminant. Plastic pollution is found in marine and freshwater systems and affects a substantial number of aquatic species around the world, either by entanglement or ingestion of small pieces (i.e. microplastics). These plastic debris release dangerous chemicals with unknown toxic effects for species that rely on marine environments to survive. Estuarine mudflats are critical feeding habitats for migratory shorebirds and are also the last stop for high levels of microplastics coming from populated areas via freshwater rivers.

Development of Models and Control Schemes for Soft Open Points in Distribution Systems

More than 80% of power outages in power grids are caused by faults in distribution networks. To improve the system’s reliability and resiliency, the service restoration is critical after faults. The Soft Open Point (SOP) is an emerging power electronic device, which can be connected to terminals of feeders or between networked microgrids, and can be used to realize service restoration. In this proposal, we aim to develop models and control schemes of SOPs in distribution systems for service restoration purpose.

Motivations, Challenges, and Needs of Individuals and Families Engaged in Estate Planning

When a person passes away, family members have to navigate a host of administrative tasks to settle their estate. A lack of proper estate planning forces grieving relatives and friends to make decision and take action with incomplete information, with little to no prior experience and at a time when they are least able to handle these responsibilities. This research project aims to understand the motivations, challenges and needs of families engaged in estate planning, in order to increase the uptake of digital estate planning tools and enhance service delivery in this area.

Individualizing high-intensity functional training (HIFT) for optimal fitness and health adaptations: exercise limitations and individualization with wearable technology

This project will bring together a motivated intern, an experienced researcher, and a nationally-ranked coach to solve a unique problem in the world of health and fitness. High-intensity functional training is a highly popular method of training, but is one that needs research on the physical and mental aspects to best design individualized training programs. With the addition of wearable technology during exercise, the research collaboration will identify the key aspects of the exercise training and the individuals who use it to optimize their adaptations to this training.

Universal Minerals Database for identification of minerals to be used for exploration, industry, and academia: Time-gated Raman spectral libraries for fluorescent minerals

Raman spectroscopy is used for analysis of minerals for two main reasons: 1) instrumentation sensitivity, and 2) “libraries” of spectra used as reference for a range of minerals. However, even the industry-best Raman libraries have 5000 approved mineral species, partially due to the fluorescence that obscures Raman measurements. Fluorescence and Raman effects have different lifetimes which can be used to shutter the fluorescence, and pass the photons emitted by the Raman effect to a detector.

Organic matter controls on radium removal via barite coprecipitation

Radium is a radioactive element often found in wastewater from uranium mining and oil and gas industries. One common approach to remove radium from wastewater is to add barium and sulfate to form the mineral barite. The barite traps the radium and can then be disposed of safely. However, chemicals released by decaying plants into the water may sometimes make this process less effective. This project in partnership with Ensero solutions will explore the possible impacts of these chemicals on effectiveness of radium removal with barite formation.