Transfer of nutrients and contaminants from wetlands to rivers by water boatmen

This research will explore how the annual migration of small insects known as water boatmen affect fish in rivers. It will first use natural fingerprints called stable isotope ratios that differ between wetlands and rivers, to trace how much of fish diet is made up of water boatmen after they arrive in rivers from wetlands in the fall. It will then test to see if water boatmen are bringing any toxic chemicals with them when they migrate.

Identification of heterotic gene pools to accelerate hybrid breeding in Brassica napus (canola) - Year two

Heterosis is a natural phenomenon where offspring (hybrids) outperform their parents in many agronomic traits, although exploited in breeding the mechanisms controlling heterosis remain elusive. Genetic distance between parents has been positively correlated with heterosis, yet does not adequately explain the phenomenon. Dividing lines from any crop into heterotic groups that provide optimal combining ability upon crossing, is one of the most important goals of any hybrid breeding program. The main objective of this proposal is to define the heterotic pools of Brassica napus (canola).

Use of X-rays as an alternative for fungal and bacterial pathogen control in seeds and stored food

The shortage and quality of food to feed the existing and growing population is an issue of global concern. There is also serious problem with the fungal and bacterial pathogens which result in losses of billions of dollars of annual loss of agricultural products. This project is an attempt to mitigate this with the use of X-ray treatment of seeds and organic products in stead of gamma rays or electron beams of a few MeV energies.

Development and application of physiological markers of Grizzly Bear health

Grizzly bears reside on changing landscapes across Alberta, Canada. The goal of this study is to determine how disturbances in the landscape affect the health of grizzly bears. This will be monitored by analyzing the (1) expression of proteins in skin that are associated with energetics, reproduction, and stress and (2) concentrations of hormones in hair that are associated with reproductive status and long-term stress. In collaboration with the Foothills Research Institute (FRI), skin and hair samples will be collected from free-ranging grizzly bears in Alberta, Canada.

MEPOWSS Wastestream Analysis

This project involves the characterization and assessment of a settling and evaporative pond system used to treat wastewater generated by the Melville Potable Water Supply System (MEPOWSS). The plant is currently being upgraded with a change in treatment processes and increased capacity that will impact the ability of the pond system to treat the new wastewater stream. The pond system consists of five pond cells in series, and current influent includes backwash from a greensand-filter and electrodialysis reversal (EDR) waste streams.

Stability and Functionality of Oleosome-Containing Mixtures

The stability of commercial ingredient emulsions is hugely important to the end-user. To that end, Botaneco’s oleosome-containing emulsions are characterized by the absence of changes over time in physical parameters such as particle size, pH and colour. Botaneco’s Hydresia® and CapsolTM products, which contain safflower and almond oleosomes, exhibit proven physical stabilities of up to two years.

Benchmarking Indigenous/Non-Indigenous Employment, Business and Social Development Partnership Capacities in Major Resource Projects

Indigenous communities continue to be excluded from the mainstream economy due to a lack of successful partnerships with non-Indigenous businesses. In this project, we will conduct ‘partnership benchmarking’ with resource companies and Indigenous communities establishing the organizational competencies and capacities needed to accelerate economic development.

Toward a Cross-Cultural Ethics for Human-Caribou Engagement

This project will use ethnographic and community-based participatory research methods to develop a cross-cultural, community-driven ethical model for caribou research, management, and conservation in and around La Ronge, SK. The project will contribute to caribou work already underway between the partner organization, Prince Albert Model Forest (PAMF), and Lac La Ronge Indian Band (LLRIB), e.g. collecting traditional ecological knowledge regarding woodland caribou to contribute to range planning.

Evolutionary history of Cannabis sativa L.

Cannabis sativa is a multipurpose crop, providing us with fibers, seeds and medicinal compounds. Its current economic importance will likely drastically increase following its legalization in Canada. However, despite its economic potential as well as its long history of use by humans, we know very little about the evolution of this plant.

Benchmarking Evidence Based Approaches to New Functional Regions

This research project will build a case and a new definition for contemporary functional economic regions based on fiscal and economic impact analysis and return on investment benchmarking. The project will expand the scope of ‘functional’ from the traditional commuter shed and labour market context of the past, to include contemporary collaborative and economic drivers for regional development and inter-community cooperation. The research initiative will encompass the City of Meadow Lake trading area to include municipalities and First Nations within a 120 km radius.